Nursing theories are vital concepts that nursing students must be introduced to in order to broaden their definition of different schools of thought on nursing practices. The learning of nursing theories enables the nursing practitioners to learn about the numerous nursing…
There are numerous nursing models or theories with each having its essential but integral parts. Thus, each theory or model is applied differently and distinctively (Roussel and Swansburg, 2009). A valid nursing model must contain assessment procedure towards determining the individual needs of patients, as well as medication implementation procedures and measurement methods in healthcare provision.
Most of the nursing models are capable of producing effective care plans towards documenting the patient’s treatment so that all other healthcare workers and professional who encounter such a patient will know the patient’s condition (Roussel and Swansburg, 2009). However, the care plan should be to allow daily evaluation and changes as the needs and ability of the patient may change. Notably, the care plans are often shaped by the nursing model or theories upon which the car plan was formulated. Thus, the nursing theories have a significant impact on the significant of the clinical practices. Dorothea Orem’s general theory is among the nursing theories that provide a fundamental framework that define nursing care practices that should be offered to patients (Meleis, 2011).
The Orem’s general theory is often defined by three highly defined theories including the self-care theory. The self-care theory defines the activities that a patient needs to achieve a complete or achieve optimum health Orem, Renpenning, and Taylor, 2003). Additionally, Orem’s theory is defined by self-care deficit that specifies when the nursing care in appropriate for the patient who can meet his or her self-care needs. Finally, the Orem’s general theory is defined by the nursing systems theory that describes how the nurse, patient, or both working together will meet the underlined self-care needs. The Orem’s theory ensures that a nurse properly ...
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(17), Adriana (12), and Roger (7 years old). Todd is an office worker at a government agency and Evelyn is a housewife. Todd’s elderly mother, Rose (88 years old), also lives with them. The father is the primary breadwinner, decision-maker, and authority figure in the home.
These concepts are broadly defined in their metaparadigm, and such metaparadigms comprise of several major concepts.Such metaparadigms are considered to be the boundaries or limits of any practice. This is not much different in the nursing practice.
The nursing system ensues at that point of time when the nurse intervenes with the patient either to prescribe medication or to provide care that is intended to take care of self-care deficit and regulate his or her own capabilities of self-care (Orem, 1985; cited in Comley, 1994).
She received her B.S. from St. Scholastica’s Benedictine College located in Atchison, Kansas in 1950. Four years later, she earned Masters Degree in Mental and psychiatric health nursing from the Catholic university in Washington D.C. She received her doctorate degree (PhD) in social and cultural anthropology from the University of Washington, Seattle.
Various nursing models that have been provided for by Nursing Theories provide a frame of reference in all the healthcare institutions. There are numerous nursing models or theories with each having its essential but integral parts.
Initially, the walls of the bowel form saclike outpouchings called diverticulum because of the compounded effect of high intraluminal bowel pressure (HS usually lifts heavy objects at work), low volume in the colon, and decreased muscle strength of the colon walls.
Patients, or as Orem calls them, “nursing clients,” are human beings whose health problems have resulted in limitations that render them unable to participate in continuous self-care, or that result in needing others to provide their care. A
sing provision of this care or augmentation of their own self-care efforts" (Comley, 1994) The theory considers care of one-self and that of dependents as a type of learned behavior which causes regulation of the structural integrity, development and functioning of the humans.