Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a problem of anxiety which develops in some groups of people after experiencing extreme traumatic events like crime, combat, accident among other events that result into psychological trauma. The events often involve threat of harm or…
tic criteria demands that the diagnosed symptoms last for more than a month and must cause a significant social or occupational impairment (Ursano, 2004).
The causes of PTSD are believed to originate from experiences of any event that produce intense pessimistic feeling of helplessness, fear or horror to the victim. Some of the sources of such experiences may include: witnessing adult or childhood sexual or physical abuse, physical assault or sexual assault, occupations related to war and disaster, and being diagnosed with an illness that threatens life. PTSD may impact adversely on the victims. Some of its outcomes may include terror, fear, loss of memory among others (Acierno, 1999).
Diagnosis criteria of PTSD as mentioned above demands that the diagnosed symptoms last for more than a month and must cause a significant social or occupational impairment. The diagnosis can be categorized into the following: exposure to a traumatic event involving risk of death or serious injury, loss of physical integrity and intense negative feeling of fear, helplessness or horror; persistent re-experiencing of the events resulting into flashback memories, subjective re-experiencing of the trauma, reappearance of distressing dreams, and intense negative physiological or psychological response to any subjective or objective reminder of the events; persistent emotional numbing and avoidance of stimuli that is associated with the traumatic event, inability to remember the main parts of the trauma, and avoidance of people or places that may bring back the distressing memories; persistent increase of arousal symptoms that were initially absent; symptoms lasting for more than one month; and significant social or occupational impairment (Cahill, 2004).
Prevention and intervention strategies of PTSD are needed in order to prevent the adverse effects of this condition to the victims. Experts have suggested cognitive behavioral therapy and critical incident stress management as ...
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Once an individual has been diagnosed with PTSD, they may have life events in their daily lives that can trigger PTSD episodes. Some of these triggers can be: natural disasters, severe accidents, military combat or violent assaults between people. PTSD in military veterans is important to understand because it is often the cause of a service member's committing suicide or killing themselves and their families.
Participants from the outpatient department included women with a primary diagnosis of ED, either anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN). Patients with history of man-made traumatizations demonstrated significantly higher levels of PTSD symptoms compared to those who had experienced non-man-made traumata.
PTSD is a neuropsychological anomaly, which significantly affects the pituitary axis of hypothalamus, functioning of endogenous opioid, and the hippocampal size. Survivors of war are confronted by overwhelming events that are gruesome. The number of Americans experiencing PTSD is expected to grow.
Additionally, anxiety is a sense of feeling which is experienced by everyone at one time in his/her lifetime and so it is very significant to distinguish between the normal levels of anxiety and the pathological levels. This can be clearly differentiated if an investigation is
nd battle fatigue syndrome.1 This disorder cause intense fear, helplessness, and unexpected death of a loved one, accident, war, or natural disaster.2 People with PTSD may become emotionally numb or lose interest in the things they used to enjoy.3 However, the reaction to
veterans who have the psychiatric disorders like PTSD shift their troublesomeness to their children as majority of their children have a lot of developmental, biological, psychological, emotional, communicative and social issues. Violence, aggression, depression, mistrust and
The symptoms of PTSD are readily identifiable by a primary care physician (Yehuda, 2002). The nature of someone’s past and the nature of trauma itself both appear to play important roles in a person experiencing
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