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# On Misleading Statistics - Essay Example

## Extract of sample On Misleading Statistics

However, it is wrong and ambiguous to state that, since Vitamin E is a proven antioxidant it can be used to fight cancer and heart diseases given that antioxidants are used to fight cancer and heart diseases. Therefore, the above statement is ambiguous hence it is an example of the misleading statistics. Ambiguity of the statement arises in connecting antioxidant with fighting cancer and heart diseases. No doubt Vitamin E is a proven antioxidant. What’s more, antioxidants can fight cancer and heart diseases. Nonetheless, there are no statistics indicating effectiveness and efficiency of Vitamin E in fighting cancer and heart diseases despite the fact that it is an antioxidant. In this regards, the main misrepresentation or misuse demonstrated is detached statistic. Detached statistics is a misrepresentation where a statement is made without any supporting data (Hughes, Lavery, and Doran 2010). In most cases, quantitative data is usually employed in order to give supportive evidence on a given claim or preposition. Hence, there is need to conduct a research and obtain enough data for purposes of answering research question. The above research should aim at establishing the correlation between Vitamin E and fighting of cancer and heart diseases. ...
Multi-regression analysis in this case will involve either the use of SPSS software of determination of the sum of squares between XX as well as between YY. Given the independent and two dependent variables, the following equation for multi-regression analysis is applicable X = ?1Y1 + ?2Y2 Where; X is Vitamin E Y1 is the cancer Y2 is the heart ?1 and ?2; are correlation coefficients indicating the relationship independent and dependent variables. The two coefficients of correlations, ?1 and ?2 can be found using the following formulas: 1 In conclusion, many people make ambiguous statements that are detached from their statistical proofs. It is usually important for statements especially in medical fields to be accompanied by relevant data in which the argument is based. For instance, in this scenario though some antioxidants have been used in fighting cancer and heart diseases, it does not follow automatically that Vitamin E being an antioxidant will be effective in fighting the same health conditions. In future, any claim especially in the medical field should be accompanied with relevant data. 2. In a recent article, the author states that 71% of adults do not use sunscreen. Although 71% is a large percentage, explain why it could be misleading. Many researchers have a weakness in making their conclusions following a study on a particular research. Previous studies have indicated higher number of adults not using sunscreen. However, this does not mean that all adults do not use sunscreen. In any case, most of these studies have based their conclusions on given samples, which may not be adequate enough to represent the entire population. Consequently, there is serious need for researchers to ...Show more

## Summary

Misleading Statistics Institution Date Misleading Statistics 1. Vitamin E is a proven antioxidant and may help in fighting cancer and heart disease.” Is there anything ambiguous about this claim? It is undisputable that many antioxidants are applicable in fighting cancer and heart diseases…
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