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Cancer: Complication and Care

In many occasions, absolute damage to the Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) predisposes the normal cells to transform into cancer cells. In rare occasions, individuals inherit damaged DNA. However, most damages to the DNA occur during reproduction of normal body cells. To some extent, it is affected by environmental factors such as smoking which may elicit abnormal growth of body cells. The DNA blocks are often exchanged in the chromosomes during the process called meiosis, which leads to chromosal variation. During this process, if the exchange is not accurate, alterations in body occurs that becomes fatal in relation to body gamete. The degree of severity arises to oral complications during cancer treatment (Maquire, 2011). Chemotherapy impairs the normal functioning of the bone marrow. This then surpasses the reproduction of red blood cells, white blood cells and the platelets. Some cancer complications are unique in that they are only found in specific type of treatment whereas treatment with toxic effects on oral tissues is referred to as stomatotoxic. In addition, cancer treatment complications can be common in situation where radiation and chemotherapy techniques are applied. These may include oral mucositis that involve ulceration and inflammation of mucus membranes in the body. This normally increases the risk of pain and systematic oral infection (Maquire, 2011). Cardiovascular complications may also arise during cancer treatment. This can be because of chemotherapy or due to presence

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of other anticancer agents. Drugs administered for treatment of cancer during this period may always lead to these complications because of their effects. Among the anticancer drugs that have caused complications to the body is anthracyclines, which is widely known for its cardiotoxicty. Cumulative dosage has been reported to cause heart congestion, which leads to failure of the heart to function normally. Furthermore, cardiomyopathy prevalence also increases in the case of doxorubicin administration. During cancer treatment, other factors accelerate cardiotoxicty of drug that are used to cure the disease. According to Block (2009), in-depth understanding of most of these factors limits the options of cardiovascular severity. Those physicians involved in administration of cancer drugs must have knowledge of drug administration, components of drug given and time of drug delivery. Age and the previous records of diseases majorly cardiovascular diseases, metabolic challenges and radiotherapy history must also be considered during cancer treatment. Gastrointestinal complication is also one of the major reported complications in those patients treated from cancer. It involves large or small bowel obstruction. In most cases, those patients diagnosed of advanced cancer experience either progressive or chronic obstructions that cannot be operated. Accumulation of fluid makes decompression of food hard because of excessive production of gastrointestinal secretions, which eventually leads to death. Side effects of cancer treatment may be categorized into three sub groups: Chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery effects. In the later stages after treatment, a cancer patient may experience the following signs after chemotherapy; cataracts, heart problems, early menopause for women, liver problems and infertility. Radiotherapy effects may include; tooth decay, Hypothyroidism, memory problem and lung diseases. Lastly, lymph edema is the

Summary

Cancer: complication and care Your name Institution Cancer: complication and care Cancer is one of the most dreaded diseases of our time. Millions of people all over the world have been diagnosed of cancer. Many of the people recently diagnosed are in the process of treatment while others have succumbed to the disease…
Author : merlgaylord
Cancer: Complication and Care essay example
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