There is no universally accepted definition of childhood obesity in children and adolescents as the relationship between childhood weight and morbidity and mortality in adults cannot show direct correlation. (Steven M. Schwarz, 2012). In the article, Obesity in Children, some…
n body mass and the risk of acute and long-term morbidity and mortality, in the case of children and adolescents, acute medical complications of obesity are less common. (Schwarz, 2012).
Evidence points out that low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) results from sedentary lifestyle, leading to hypertension and premature coronary artery disease. “Insulin resistance” in the liver and adipose tissues, and skeletal muscles occur from body fat build-up which “predispose to glucose intolerance and hypertriglyceridemia”. Lower life expectancy resulting from the predisposition to type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, can be attributed to the combination of high levels of insulin, hypertension from fat accumulation and dyslipidemia. High insulin levels in the body and high blood pressure also leads “androgen production from ovarian and adrenocortical cells with dysmenorrheal and virilization” in females, and the “aromatization of adrenal androgens to estrone that leads to gynecomastia in males” (Schwarz, 2012).
“fatty liver, independent of visceral fat and intramyocellular lipid content (ICML), has a central role in insulin resistance in obese adolescents. Patients were divided into 2 groups: 23 obese adolescents with and 20 obese adolescents with low HFF were matched for age, Tanner stage, BMI score, and percentage of body fat, visceral fat, and IMCL. The group with a high hepatic fat fraction (HFF) had lower whole-body insulin sensitivity index and lower estimates of insulin secretion, as well as a significantly lower glucose disposal rate, than the group with low HFF” (Schwarz, 2012).
Schwarz (2012) stated that several genetic syndromes associated with childhood obesity have been determined to include the Prader-Willi syndrome, pseudohypoparathyroidism, Laurence-Moon-Biedl (Bardet-Biedl) syndrome, and the Cohen, Down and Tuner syndromes. Hormonal disorders like growth hormone deficiency and resistance, hypothyroidism, leptin deficiency ...
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children are overweight, and 16 percent are obese (Kimbro 2010). The absolute numbers are indeed worrisome; however the bigger cause of concern is the rate at which the problem of childhood obesity is spreading in the country. A problem in itself, obesity is expected to increase the rates of many other chronic diseases also (Frieden 2010).
dies as children experience teasing, taunting and overt discrimination from not only their peers, but from parents, teachers and ultimately themselves as well. It was the surprising responses to a questionnaire that led Dr. Rimm to write this book to bring attention to a little
Obesity is impossible to hide and typically introduces a great deal of public humiliation every time the individual walks out the door. This element alone can cause lifelong severe psychological damage that
d sedentary lifestyle, two major contributory factors in childhood obesity, can be countered at an early stage with better food and more physical activities in schools.
According to the World Heart Federation (2007) the dramatic worldwide surge in childhood obesity may be the
The author discusses some policies in infancy stages of obese children. Inclusion in physic cal activity healthy nutrition in curricula of education institutions of health and school is showing up in several policies. The best public health approach for this problem is the intervention. The problem must be defined to assure the causes of the problem.
The lifestyle of busy families is another reason wherein home cooked nutritious food cannot be prepared due to lack of time. Quick and easy fast food culture is the reality for people in this new era. I can prevent obesity in my daughter against the usual social
While causes of obesity in children over two years of age are significantly linked to their unhealthy food consumption, lack of physical activity, and sedentary lifestyle, causes of obesity in children in their infancy are
Also, proper nutrition is instrumental in speeding up the recovery process in case of injury or infection. The target population will be students in lower level education institutions such as high schools and primary schools. In
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