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Benefits of using epidurals in the treatment of post-operative pain after a bowel resection - Research Paper Example

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Benefits of using epidurals in the treatment of post-operative pain after a bowel resection

This paper will analyze the benefits of epidurals in treating post-operative pain after bowel resurrection; additional methods will also be discussed that assist in pain management after this operation. Literature Review Effective administration of post-operative pain treatment is beneficial for a patient, as it does not only relieve pain, but also hastens recovery and discharge from the hospital. According to Andres, et al (N.d, p.5), post-operative pain is associated with physical and emotional suffering, as a result, sleeping becomes an impossible mission, and the recovery process is delayed. Therefore, pain management treatments are administered with an aim of improving the quality of a patient’s life, allowing quick recovery, and reducing death cases. Epidural involves the continuous flow of pain relief medicines through a cannula that is placed in the back of a patient. Bowel resection is a surgical procedure whereby, part of large or small intestine is removed; however, it occurs in two forms - large bowel resection or small bowel resection. Large bowel resection involves the removal of part of the large intestines, whilst small bowel resection involves the removal of part of the small intestine that is affected (University of Maryland, Medical Centre, 2011). The advantage of using epidural after bowel resection is that it not only reduces pain, but also prevents post-operative ileus. Patients who undergo bowel resection often experience post-operative ileus, a complication that may arise after a bowel section. In addition, thoracic epidural hastens the recovery of a patient by enabling the bowel to function (Johnson & Walsh, 2009). Holte & Kehlet (2001) argue that, epidural techniques such as anesthetic reduce surgical stress responses, autonomic reflex responses, and organ dysfunctions; they also reduce post-operative morbidity as well. As opposed to inflammatory drugs, which affect the healing of a wound, causing delays in bowel healing, epidural treatment hastens the recovery of a patient (Eipe & Penning, 2009). In the United States alone, over 350,000 patients undergo bowel resection yearly; therefore, the need to reduce surgical complication and increase patients’ comfort is necessary. Opiods are the most famous in post-operative pain control, which are used in epidural techniques. Here, opiods administered are less, hence avoiding complications; the patient’s respiratory system performs much better such that, he is able to breath or cough. As a result, the patient recovers fast, experiences less pain, and less respiratory or cardiovascular complications. Surprisingly, epidural stands out among the rest, since it curbs post-operative pain as well as post-operative ileus. Nevertheless, an epidural technique such as epidural analgesia is associated with some risks. For instance, pain control may be impossible to achieve in some scenarios, and as a result, a patient may develop nausea, drowsiness, or vomiting. In rare cases, numbness may occur; however, the symptom disappears after medication is administered ...Show more

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Running head:  BENEFITS OF USING EPIDURALS IN THE TREATMENT OF POST-OPERATIVE PAIN AFTER A BOWEL RESECTION Insert Name          Insert Grade Course Insert 26 January 2012  Outline Introduction Literature review Additional treatments Conclusion Benefits of Using Epidurals in the Treatment of Post-Operative Pain After a Bowel Resection Introduction Post-operative pain treatment aims at providing comfort to the patient, hence enabling the patient to breathe or move easily…
Author : lexusstehr
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