The most interesting finding was that, with all variables taken into account, nurses with a bachelor’s degree corresponded to a 5% decrease in the likelihood of patient death and failure to rescue on the part of these nurses. Using this as a basis, it is evident that having bachelor prepared nurses is important in maintaining the health of patients. Sasichay-Akkadechanunt, Scalzi, & Jawad (2003) found similar results. This study examined data from 2531 patients in various surgical and ward units in one large hospital in Thailand. The patients were split into four major categories (disease of the heart, disease of the lung, all types of cancer and cerebrovascular diseases) and data was observationally taken from their charts, as well as information from the nursing staff. The results showed again that there was a decrease in in-hospital mortality with bachelor prepared nurses. It should be noted that using this technique means that many diseases are ignored by the study which may not benefit from nurse education at this level, but it seems suggestible from the research that it is. Primm (1987) compared the competency of AND prepared nurses to BSN prepared nurses. BSN qualifications take roughly twice the amount of time as an AND qualification. Although both lead to RN status, Primm found evidence to suggest that BSN prepared nurses had a higher competence rating in the majority of the five areas surveyed in the study. This gives further evidence that bachelor preparation may lead to better prepared nurses, although the evidence from one study should be carefully used when generalising as many programs can be different between areas. White, Coyne & Patel (2001) investigated all members of the Oncology Nursing Society to ascertain whether nurses felt adequately prepared for end-of-life care. All the respondents said that end-of-life care was an important aspect of their work life, and each of them had covered this area in their bachelor preparation. One aspect that came up is that nurses felt that continuing education was very important, although only two respondents had covered end-of-life care in the previous two years. This suggests that, whilst bachelor prepared nurses are important and feel qualified, there could be more education provided for nurses during their career. It must be noted that the nurses here were only questioned on their participation in end-of-life care so we must be careful not to generalize these views without careful consideration. Further evidence that bachelor prepared nurses are useful in specialized situations is provided by Kardong-Edgren & Campinha-Bacote (2008). This paper examined four groups of nurses, each from different geographical areas, and surveyed the cultural sensitivity of those with an American BSN qualification. The study found that, because cultural sensitivity and awareness of beliefs is an important aspect of gaining the BSN qualification, nurses with the qualification were more highly prepared to deal with various groups of patients. This is important as it shows that nurses with bachelor preparation may be more able to create a comfortable environment for the patient which will lead to lower in-hospital death rates and a more pleasant experience for the patient. It is important to note that this is an important aspect of nursing that can be overlooked by the literature. Thornton (1997)
The Need for Nurses Qualified at a Bachelor Level NAME INSTITUTION NAME The need to have nurses qualified at bachelors level is a widely discussed topic, with nurses requiring a bachelor level qualification to practice being a fairly new development within the healthcare industry…
In brushing, a soft bristle toothbrush must be used; a gentle circular motion must also be applied on the teeth; and the tongue must not be brushed because it can cause irritation, instead the tongue must be scraped with a tongue scraper (Paterson, 2000).
Absolute sterile conditions are not achievable, however much depends upon the professional attitude and due diligence shown in this respect, to keep the patient, healthcare staff and other persons or personnel who may come in contact with contaminants at any stage.
Having read the article on the dental hygienist’s task, it has opened new avenues to understanding not only the responsibilities of a dental hygienist but also the ways of performing one’s duties efficiently. Oral communication is very important in this job because oral hygiene is a personal matter and not all people are open to the idea of having their mouths examined by other people.
Fluoride appears in the water is specific areas of the universe and people in these areas exhibit dental fluorosis (mottling of the teeth). Calcium fluoride (CaF2) is naturally found in water as fluorine has a strong affinity towards calcium. Conversely, when sodium silicofluoride or hydrofluosilic acid is added when water is artificially fluoridated sodium, fluoride (NaF).
It has been noted that prevention and intervention are still unavailable for those who need it most among many infants and children, specifically from vulnerable populations mentioned earlier, although it is now generally accepted that health professionals that care for children and infants are in excellent position to address oral health.
A Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) was set in 1986 by the EPA at 4 ppm to avoid skeletal fluorosis, a bone-decaying disease. Fluoridation has been under scrutiny for the past 50 years and has come under severe criticism from many quarters in the last decade.
vidual to eat, speak and socialize without active disease, discomfort, or embarrassment and which contributes to general well-being.” The above definition clearly mentions that oral health can only be attained when an individual is free from any kind of disease or discomfort.
They work either independently or in collaboration with the dentists in the provision of oral medical services. The dental hygiene profession is of great significant to the society today.
Through the dental hygiene profession, members of
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