For this, one needs to finish the undergraduate program and pass a licensing exam. The undergraduate program encompasses the course in human anatomy and physiology, nutrition, microbiology, biology, statistics, and psychology. Those who decide to enrol in a Master’s program are required to have one year or more of experience as a registered nurse in an intensive care unit. They further study anatomy and physiology, pharmacology, pathophysiology, chemistry, biochemistry, and physics, and spend hundreds of hours practicing to provide anesthesia-related care in surgery and obstetrics.
To become a Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA), which is another name for nurse anesthetist, a registered nurse must take national certification exams. These are held by the Council on Certification of Nurse Anesthetists. The latter is a part of NBCRNA (abbreviation for National Board of Certification and Recertification of Nurse Anesthetists). Another certification program is offered by the American Society of PeriAnethesia Nurses. The certification is to be renewed every two years.
Practice requirements include pain management through administration of anesthetics during a variety of medical procedures. Namely, they work with patients before, during and after surgery. Also, nurse anesthetists’ assistance is required during baby delivery. Apart from excellent anethesia skills and knowledge, nurse anesthetists should have good problem-solving skills, be capable of handling stressful situations, stay calm in emergencies, concentrate well, and be excellent communicators (What Can I Do Now? Nursing, 2007, p.51).
Prior to the development of adequate anesthetic methods in the 1840s, surgeons had deadened the pain by alcohol or opium. Anethesiology brought revolution to surgery practice. The earliest documented involvement of nurses as anesthetists was fixed during the Civil War (Nagelhout & Plaus, 2009, Chapter 1) The first nurse ...Show more