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A common phenomenon is observed in many patients where they lose their sense of judgment, and intentionally become a danger to themselves and others. In this regard, many of these patients are put under the care of a sitter who keeps an eye on them at all times to ensure the patients do not hurt themselves or those around them. …
Many factors result in a patient harming oneself including mental illness, psychological factors, genetics, and drug use among other factors. According to Cleary (143), some people who do not suffer from any mental illness hurt themselves and others; however, suffering from psychiatric conditions increases the likelihood of a person doing self-harm. Individuals with personality disorders of any kind are at high risk of hurting themselves; including dual personality disorder and borderline personality disorder. In addition, phobias to various common phenomena cause people to harm themselves in one way or the other, as is depression caused by many pressures of daily living. Schizophrenia reduces a person’s ability to distinguish between real and imagined things, thereby causing a person to harm self or others. In addition, schizophrenic patients tend to be suicidal especially if the patients are young and know what the disease will do to their lives. Final in the list of mental disorders is Munchausen Syndrome, though it results in self-harm to a lesser extent. Recent studies have shown that terminally ill patients are also at risk of committing self-harm or suicide in extreme cases, for instance, HIV/AIDS patients. ...
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