The study was conducted with the objective of finding out if inducing labor among pregnant women with Bishop scores 4 and above could increase the likelihood of cesarean delivery as compared to expectant management or awaiting for spontaneous labor (Nielsen, et al., 2005). Using…
birth rates in the test group, no other significant differences were found between the two groups, and it was concluded that there are no significant differences in the likelihood of having a cesarean delivery between the women that had induced labor and those which awaited spontaneous labor, which is contradictory to previous studies that reported a 2.5-fold increase in the likelihood of a cesarean delivery among women with induced labor (Nielsen, et al., 2005). A flowchart showing how the researchers possibly designed the study is shown in figure 1.
The results of the study and the evidences were consistent with the conclusion that having induced labor does not increase the likelihood of having a cesarean delivery as compared to awaiting spontaneous labor. The results were processed using statistical analyses, and even if the rates of cesarean delivery for the test group was 8/116 and the control group 8/110 seem variable the differences were statistically non-significant according to tests (Nielsen, et al., 2005). The cesarean delivery rate for nulliparous patients in the test group (6/45) was also non-significantly different from the control (6/58). The results corroborate the conclusions of the researchers with regards to the use of induced labor in pregnancy, implying that whether or not a woman chooses to undergo induced labor or not, her chances of delivering cesarean delivery is just the same as with any other woman.
The study could have encountered several possible ethical issues, especially since the test subjects were people. For one, the autonomy of the test subjects might have been challenged so as to keep the homogeneity of the sampled population, and they might have to undergo certain restrictions in order to do that (Jones, 2003). To fill in the number of people needed for the study to be initiated all women that were possibly included in the assignment criteria, their informed consent have to be obtained first. If the subjects were to be forced ...
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“Research-Based Studies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/573832-research-based-studies.
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Using randomization, two study groups were formed: the test group with induced labor (n=166); and control group with expectant management (n=110). It was found out patients under the test group delivered on the average 5 days earlier than in the control group.
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