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Running Head: CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE Congestive Heart Failure Name School Abstract Globally, congestive heart failure (CHF) affects more than 22 million people. Before, this life-threatening disease could only be treated with medication, changes in lifestyle, and heart surgery.
In some cases, patients with heart failure may need implantation of mechanical devices, such as pacemakers and cardioverter defibrillators or ICDs (Saxon et al, 2009). This paper will discuss the different pharmacological treatments and procedural interventions for the treatment of congestive heart failure. Risks and complications associated with each approach will likewise be discussed. What is Congestive Heart Failure? Congestive heart failure is a disorder that causes pulmonary vascular obstruction and decreased cardiac input. In layman’s terms, it is a condition in which the heart cannot pump sufficient oxygenated blood to meet the needs of the other organs of the body. CHF causes pumping malfunctions of the heart in either the left or right side. In some cases, both sides are impaired. Malfunction of the heart’s pumping ability may cause blood to collect in areas of the body, such as the lungs, liver, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, arms and legs, causing oxygen and nutrition losses. These losses decrease the organs’ capacity to work efficiently (Berger, 2009). ...
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