Obesity in children continues to attract much attention among health practitioners including nurses because of the severe implications that obesity has been known to be associated with when it is detected at an early age in children (Harper, 2006). In another breath, the need to…
There are varying theories that support obesity, most of which have had empirical research and studies supporting their validity or otherwise. This paper is dedicated to critically analyzing one of these theories.
The multidimensional theory of obesity proposed by Perryman, Nielsen and Booth (2008) is the selected theory that supports obesity that is going to be used. As the name of the theory implies, the multidimensional theory of obesity refuses to view obesity as a phenomenon with just one aspect. Rather, it sees obesity as “multidimensional and involves physical aspects, such as genetics and metabolism, as well as psychological schemas and environmental conditions (Wilkins, Kendrick, Stitt & Hammarlund, 1998). With reference to the present study, the selection of the multidimensional theory is in the fact that at the early ages, children are exposed to as many factors as possible that account for their obesity and its solutions. It is therefore necessary and important to get a theory that matches up with the multi-variant nature of the causes, effects and solutions available for children who may be facing obesity as a health problem.
The proposed solution to combating obesity in children is rooted in the need for individualized interventional attention given to obese children. By individualized interventional attention, reference is being made to the need of ensuring that interventions that are suggested do not only address a restricted aspect of obesity in children such as diet but that it looks at a holistic and comprehensive approach to ensuring that the problem is really solved. This is because with such a holistic approach, there is not going to be anyway that the researcher is going to miss the cause of the problem in case the cause is not as singular as may be thought (Golan, Weitzman, Apter and ...
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In the first case, the reason for obesity is psychological while in the second, purely sociological. Before venturing into this kind of comparing different information bases of obesity, it is important to have a clear idea of what is meant by obesity. One definition for obesity provided by the National Health Service (NHS) website at http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Obesity/Pages/Introduction.aspx has been that it is “when a person is carrying too much body fat for their height and sex” and an adult individual is counted as obese if he/she has a body mass index (BMI) of “30 or greater.” James and Linton (2008) has defined obesity in more simple word as “an excess of body fat” (p.94).
Researchers feel that the next generation of Americans would be one of the first generations that would have less healthy life and a shorter life span when compared to their parents (Powell, 2009). According to Powell, the rate of childhood obesity has increased more than three times from 1980 and according to current trends; more than one-third of children over 2 years of age are either overweight or are trending towards obesity.
A current survey from 2007 from the Department of Health noted that an average of one out of 10 children were obese with increased numbers of obese children to lead to 25% of children being obese by the year 2050. This will lead to an increase in health care costs to 4.2 billion per year specifically for obesity.
2 / 3 adults are either obese or overweight. Additionally, 1/3 children are either obese or overweight. Adults are teaching their children unhealthy habits, and they are likely to be sicker than the parents are. Obesity in the US can be compared to 800kg Gorilla in a room.
As the paper highlights approval is sought through the issuance of consent letter or consent form to organization’s leaders on their role and involvement in the study. In the case of contributors also, it is important that a formal approval is sought from fellow staff to seek their contributions to the study in one way or the order.
Childhood obesity has immediate and long term health results (Ruthy, 2008). Children who are obese are currently being diagnosed with different health problems that were only seen in the adult age, these conditions are high blood pressure, cholesterol, sleep amnea and diabetes.
Similar increases are evident for the 12-17-year-old group (Caprio 2006). Childhood obesity is also associated with hyperlipidemia, high blood pressure and early symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Thesis Child obesity is one of the main problems today caused by unhealthy dietary patterns, lack of physical activities and sedentary lifestyle.
Obesity is not a simple case of lack of control, poor eating habits or lack of physical activity. Nor is it a simple case of heritability. Unfortunately, because the underlying causes for the disease are poorly understood, an effective treatment to cure the disease has yet to be defined.
(BBC News, 2007)
In the case of UK, as much as 23% of its population are obese. (Lister, 2005) The cases of obesity and overweight among the adult individuals in UK have doubled since the mid-1980s wherein approximately 25% and 20% of men and women are obese.