Dementia is a degenerative brain condition characterized by lessened intellectual functioning, memory loss and impaired memory, language, reasoning, judgment and perception. It may also lead to emotional and behavioural instability, and lead to personality changes…
Based on the causes of dementia, Alzheimer’s disease is the major cause, but secondary causes also have a role to play. This includes secondary brain conditions and injury to the brain substance secondary to trauma. Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative brain condition affecting memory and cognitive brain functions, and is the commonest form of dementia in people over the age of 65. Vascular dementia results from cerebrovascular or cardiovascular problems which often result in strokes. Minor but important causes of dementia include HIV diseases, Huntington’s disease and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
Dementia is a condition whose principal prevalence is in old people over 65 years, but children and middle aged adults may suffer from dementia. Trauma, brain tumours, heart conditions, lung conditions, poisoning and some terminal infections may lead to dementia in this group. Some inherited disorders like glycogen storage diseases and mitochondrial abnormalities are specific for children, causing dementia. Whatever age group affected, dementia is a serious condition that leads to progressive memory loss and degenerative cognitive functions. Treatment will never reverse or stop the condition, but instead the treatment reduces the symptoms, thereby slowing down the disease progression. Apart from symptom alleviation, adequate rest, nutrition and hydration are very important as they reduce morbidity and mortality. In terminal dementia, the patients are unable to cater for themselves completely which calls for the input of the caregiver in providing optimal nutrition and in the correct proportion. In dementia, there is degenerative brain loss due to loss of neurons.
Dementia is associated with malnutrition due to the feeding difficulties in people who suffer from the condition. Impaired cognitive functions lead to a deficit in the short-term memory making the patient forget simple tasks like feeding. The patient may also become easily distracted, thereby ...
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19 Internet and the World Wide Web 19 Promoting and maintaining a healthy environment for children: How to prevent above Hazards 20 Priorities 20 Environmental hazards 21 Child abusers 22 Poor security 23 Bad laws and Regulations 24 Internet and Privacy 25 Ways of maintaining and sustaining the above mentioned preventive programs and strategies 25 Enacting laws, policies and regulations 26 Creating awareness on potential hazards 27 Conducting health education 29 Governmental and agency participation 30 Advocacy 31 Conclusion 32 List of References 34 Introduction The environment within which children interact on a daily basis is a source of potential hazards that affect the growth of a child.
The author states that dementia does not only affect the economic condition for the family, but it also affects the social and health of all individuals involved. This is a worldwide problem for which there is no cure. In addition to health issues, dementia causes world-wide economic challenges.
The author states that there are basically six types of stressors which have detrimental effects on patients with dementia and contribute to development of aggressive behaviours. These factors are environmental factors, excessive fatigue, caregiver factors, demands above and beyond functional capacity, physical stressors and perception of losses.
The functioning of the cerebral hemisphere is affected in this condition and thus the day to day performance of the individual greatly suffers as a result of dementia. Dementia can result owing to many underlying pathologies which include Alzheimer's disease, Huntington’s disease and Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease.
Dementia also leads to the change in the general behavior of the patient and the patient tends to become extremely moody, he loses control over his emotions, feeling, and other conditions. The worst part of this disease is that the patient starts forgetting and even stops recognizing people closest to him.
One of the public health goals is to promote healthier and sustainable food system like to provide health food to the current population while healthy ecosystem is maintained in a manner that does not compromise the ability of future generation to meet healthy food with limited environmental impact (Ilona 14).
There are sometimes multiple small and large blood vessel occlusions throughout the brain. This paper will discuss vascular dementia and it's affects on human cognition.
Vascular dementia is caused by atherosclerosis of the vessels of the brain. There are many times that you hear medical personnel say, eat a better diet, get more exercise, have great social support, and control you blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar (health.harvard).
Essential nutrients consist of vitamins, fatty acids, carbohydrates, minerals, amino acids (Nutrition Online, n.d.).
b) Macronutrients: Most part of our diet consists of macronutrients which are responsible for
deal with elderly population, both in long term and acute care settings must possess an awareness of management of patients with dementia (Nolan and Tolson, 2000). Research has shown that most hospital nurses do not have the expertise to handle behavioural disturbances like
The formation of thrombus or clot in the blood supply and alarming rate of vasoconstriction may lead to Ischemia. The patient was diagnosed with heart disease six months previously and presently with vascular dementia which is the loss of memory caused by many minor strokes.TIA and Vascular Dementia both are associated with diseases of the heart.
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