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Safe Cannulation: Procedure & Risks
Pages 4 (1004 words)
Safe Cannulation: Procedure & Risks Introduction: Cannulation is the process in which a cannula (a small hollow plastic tube) is inserted into and kept inside the vein for a period of time. The purpose of cannulation is to administer fluids or medication to the patient or to gather data.
Although brief pain can be experienced when the needle is inserted, the process does not cause significant pain (Intravenous cannulation, n.d.). At times, the medication or fluid being administered may cause the patient to feel slight pain or a stinging sensation, which can be an indication that it is time for the cannula to be removed and replaced with a new one, if required. Learning Objectives Select the appropriate equipment for procedures Identify own professional responsibilities in relation to these procedures Demonstrate an understanding of normal anatomy and the physiology of the arm when selecting appropriate sites for cannulation Follow infection control guidelines when performing the procedure (hand hygiene and skin preparation) Identify complications, causes, and treatments Demonstrate correct technique for cannulation insertion Discuss the importance of documentation and post-cannulation care Equipment Tourniquet Sharps bin 5ml syringe Sterile container Cleansing wipes Cannulas Clean gauze/sterile dressing (Cole, 2008). Complications and Professional Responsibilities Learning the skill of cannulation is not likely to be achieved in just one attempt, but is rather an area of theory and skill that will be learned gradually and continuously, even after qualification as a registered practitioner (Kazui, 2001). ...
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