proven to be superior to traditional handwashing as they are much faster, less irritating and contribute to decreased cross-infection rates such as MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aurous) infection that is caused by Staphylococcus aurous bacteria known to be a contributor to fatality rates.
The best practice to prevent these infections is through handwashing using soap and water or alcohol based hand sanitizer. However, reported cases of rising fatalities and disease incidences within the wards due to non-compliance to this practice in health care settings such as hospitals, dialysis centers and nursing homes has been criticized for rise in cross-infections and fatalities. Hospital-associated infections is a serious issue facing Australian hospital wards prompting the need to start national hand hygiene programs such as the National Hand Hygiene Initiative (NHHI).This shows that non-compliance is a serious issue in Australia and so my proposing activity is to examine the factors affecting compliance in medical wards (Sax et a.l, 2007). To show the relationship between infection rates and hand hygiene, data of compliance will be collected using a quantitative method.
Hand hygiene practices are integral hospital practices that should be a core responsibility of health care workers. It is also the singe-most practical and cost-effective measure proven to prevent the incidences of hospital-associated infections as well as the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance at the health-care setting. This paper seeks to lay emphasis on hand hygiene as the simplest and most cost-effective technique of nosocomial infection prevention. This is because despite advances in hospital epidemiology and infection control, the concept has inconsistently been translated into practice in Australia. In addition, the compliance of health care workers to the recommended measures is seriously low. Averagely, compliance varies from hospital ward to another depending on the working ...
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The World Alliance for Patient Safety launched by The WHO in 2004 advocates a “clean care is safer care” program, in which health care leaders sign a pledge to take specific steps to reduce hospital associated infections in their facilities. Hand hygiene is the first focus in this worldwide initiative.
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