The study employed a venue-based sampling strategy for recruitment of respondents during randomly selected blocks of time. Research staff gathered the data on the basis of a master schedule of monthly activities that conducted throughout metropolitan Atlanta. The sampling frame included 25 locations including churches, bookstores, educational forums, community meetings, and special events such as family health fairs. Three hundred seventeen people were invited to participate, and 223 provided written informed consent (response rate: 70%).
The research employed SPSS 17.0 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL) and SAS 9.2 (SAS Institute, Inc, Cary, NC) for analyses. Descriptive statistics and cross-tabulations were also generated for variables of interest. In addition, bivariate correlations were also generated to explore key relationships. An exploratory factor analysis was conducted, and resulting scale-reliability estimates were generated. We determined that a Cronbach’s α reliability estimate of ≥ 0.70 would support reliability of each subscale. A multivariate logistic regression models were also used to analyze the independent contributions of variables.
Quantitative result revealed that twenty two percent (n=50) of the parents had had their children vaccinated for seasonal inﬂuenza in the previous 3 months. The overall seasonal inﬂuenza vaccine-acceptance rate for children was 40.8% (n = 91). Also, the overall acceptance rate of obtaining H1N1 vaccine within 90 days for children was a low 35.9% at n = 80.
The significant factors that were identified that could predict predicted H1N1 vaccine acceptance for children included lack of insurance (OR: 3.04 [95% CI: 1.26 –7.37]), higher perceived child susceptibility to H1N1 (OR: 1.66 [95% CI: 1.41–1.95]), prioritizing children over other family members for vaccination (OR:3.34 [95% CI: 1.33– 8.38]), and having the belief that H1N1 is a greater community