By using the HER, clinicians are in a position to track the patient’s data over some period of time enabling them to easily identify the patients who are supposed to undergo preventive screening, check on the patient’s progress on parameters like vaccines, readings on blood pressure as well as improving and monitoring of the entire care quality of the patients. Since its introduction, the use of EHR has arguably contributed positively in making record keeping of patients more accurate, easier, more efficient and comprehensive. Since the introduction of EHR more than 40 years ago, the device has met both support and opposition. Most people consider EHR introduction as a controversial adoption in the health sector which raises issues such as excessive involvement by the government and privacy invasion. They regard the device as invading the privacy of patients is inefficient and the storage of records is not secure. Other people believe that this introduction is a significant step in improving healthcare services and processes. Those in support argue that the adoption has ensured better service coordination among healthcare providers and professionals, it is cost effective and offers safer recoding of patients information (Ohno-Machado, 2011). Advantages The use of EHRs in healthcare processes has greatly reduced errors that were characteristic of medical records. The records that were hand written in the past had many human errors as a result of illegibility, misspelling and varying terminologies. EHRs have made it possible for all the health records for patients to be standardized. The EHR introduction has also served as a solution for the problem of loosing paper records. Physical records were prone to destruction by floods, fire and other catastrophes that happen naturally leading to patients and clinicians losing data. By using EHR, the records are stored digitally thus can remain virtually stored forever and for the longest time possible. The device also helps in storing health information which the patients are fond of forgetting after some time such as previous medications, illness and inoculations. By consolidating all the relevant data, health care becomes cost-effective. Paper records that were previously used were stored in different locations thus accessing them was money and time consuming. There are also a significant deficit in the process of exchanging medical information between the physicians that are based in hospitals and the primary care physicians. One of the major benefits of EHRs in the health care is the role the system played in the children hospitalized with asthma. Before the introduction of EHRs, only 4% of the children managed to get the asthma plan of action before they were discharged. Upon implementation, the number significantly increased as more than 58% of the children had the chance to benefit from the asthma action plan before they left the hospital (Hebert, 2008). The use of EHRs has also been credited for saving lives. This is because it ensures rapid identification of the patient’s risks and an easy access of the medical history of patients, enabling rapid treatment and diagnosis in all situations including emergencies. A good example is the case of patients with heart problems and diabetes who are prone to attacks and collapsing. The device is also useful in accident situations and other trauma cases where the victims involved are not in a position to respond to questions. This was evident in the Hurricane Katrina incident (Ohno-Machado, 2011). Disadvantages Among the main opponents of the EHRs are the groups advocating for privacy rights. Such
An electric health record (EHR) is the traditional paper chat that was commonly used by clinical officers, but now it has been made digital. Just like the paper chat, it contains all the treatment and medical records regarding a particular patient in a specific practice…
The support of technology partners is extremely important in the effective functioning of electronic health record system. It is vital that technological glitches are avoided because any problems may prove fatal.
HIT ensures that generation, storage, retrieval and exchange of information between providers, quality bodies, government consumers and insurers is safe and efficient. Health Information Technology is quickly becoming the standard for efficient physician/medical practice all over the world.
It is also evident that with the effective advent of the requirement of meaningful use by the US government, the implementation and adoption of the EHR are compulsory and mandatory. Thus, the roadmap that was government-mandated for the EHR elaborately signifies serious implications to the definition and success critical factors of the EHR implementation.
107-116). In particular, it is an observation that a number of processes are altering from manual to electronic form, and health records are one of the major components of medical information systems that are now seeking their electronic existence in the field.
In this study, it is indicated that the adoption of the electronic health records systems (EHR) by the hospitals stand at 23%. This is an interpretation of the fact that, a lot needs to be done in the implementation of EHR in the contemporary medical world.
This is seen in the contribution of EHR in achieving National Patient Safety Goals set by The Joint Commission. These goals provide a functional basis upon which patient health welfare is promoted and improved for the better. They address ambulatory
It is very essential that proper records of patients are kept by the hospital for various reasons. Keeping these records makes it easy to correct them in case of any error. Maintaining them is also made easy when the records exist in the hospital’s
The incorporation of results and findings in to the EHR selection and decision making process requires that health practitioners and institutions dedicate adequate time and proper attention (Carol 2007).
Specifically, health institutions have to allocate
Such efforts have come up with the Electronic Health Records, which include those computerized systems of medical information that are meant to collect, store and display patient health information. Such a computerized system is said to have a potential
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