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Aneurysms Nursing - Case Study Example
Pages 8 (2008 words)
Aneurysms Your name and institutional affiliation 2012 An Aneurysm is a localized or focal dilation in an artery and involves at least 50% increase over its normal diameter. For abdominal aorta, an increase of 3cm in diameter fits this description…
Not all aneurysms are live threatening but when the vessel is over enlarged it may burst causing massive internal bleeding (“Aneurysms and dissection”, 2011).In normal situations, arteries are capable of withstanding normal blood pressure due to their thick walls. Dissection occurs when a split occurs in either one or more layers of the walls of artery. This splitting causes bleeding along and into layers of the artery wall (“What is aneurysm”, n.d). Incidence, mortality and morbidity Aneurysms affect 1 in every 20 people in most societies and are therefore a global health problem. It is approximated that about 30,000 people suffer from aneurysms in each year in USA (Khurana, and Spetzler, 2006) with abdominal aortic causing about 9000 deaths yearly. Most of abdominal aneurysms occur in 5th, 6th and 7th decades of life (Debakey, Crawford, Garrett, Beall, and Howell, 1965 ; Mastracci and Eagleton, 2011) .The 9000 deaths are inclusive of 1400-2800 deaths which occurs due to elective operation in an effort to prevent bursting (Lederle et al., 2002). ...