These approaches are inherently perspectives or views, which consist of various beliefs or assumptions regarding human behavior (Hampton & Morris, 2006). This concerns issues such as the way people function…
One of the best ways to appreciate these psychological approaches is to assess their origin and development. After providing a brief examination of the two approaches individually, their inherent methods will be contrasted in order to appreciate their relevance to the modern field of psychology.
The psychodynamic approach refers to a psychological approach that aims at exploring the manner in which the human mind, particularly the unconscious section of the mind is responsible for people’s every day behavior. Freud was the pioneer of this approach, and he was of the opinion that behavior is influenced primarily by past experiences, which are held in the unconscious mind, which consists of the id, the super-ego and the unconscious ego (Bateman & Holmes, 2005). The psychodynamic approach considers these elements of the unconscious mind as the psychic determinism concept. In the development of the psychodynamic approach, Freud compared the adult personality to an archaeological site consisting of layers; when new layers are built, they retain certain features of the former layer. The central concepts of the psychodynamic approach consist of transference, splitting and countertransference (Coren, 2001). There are two distinct schools of thought related to psychodynamics; the first school of thought is object relations thinking or the way children achieve self-other differentiation through their interactions with external objects. The second is the intersubjective view, which poises that development takes place due to relationships, as well as mutual recognition. As a consequence of the various schools that emerged, there is some confusion concerning the therapies applicable to psychodynamics (Hampton & Morris, 2006).
The cognitive-behavioral approach, on the other hand, also combines two distinctive schools of thought; the behavioral approach and the cognitive ...
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In addition, the paper will focus on how two counselors having different theoretical approaches might help Marie deal with the problems she has. In regard to this, this paper will focus on how each of the theoretical approaches can explain her behavior. Moreover, the paper explores the issues that the theoretical approaches will focus on and part of the problem that they might deal with first.
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