They are administered bronchodilators like albuterol to cause relief of symptoms. Albuterol is administered either through metered dose inhalers-spacer or jet nebulizer. Metered dose-inhaler spacer is an efficient and useful method of delivering albuterol for bronchodilatation. It delivers the drug quickly and can cause effects in few seconds. Delivery of the drug can be optimized using suitable mask. On the other hand nebulization is also an effective tool to deliver the drug. It is however cumbersome and needs atleast 15 minutes for one dose administration. The most commonly used delivery systems for asthma are nebulizers, dry-powder inhalers and metered dose inhalers with or without spacers (Smith and Goldman, 2012). In children less than 5 years of age, it is not possible to generate adequate inspiratory inflow and hence, effective use of dry-powder inhaler devices is not possible. Whether to use metered dose inhalers or nebulizers in acute exacerbation of asthma in children is a much debated topic. The main advantage with nebulizer is that the drug can be delivered even without the cooperation of the child. However, during this mechanism, only less than 10 percent of the aerosolized drug reaches the lungs (Smith and Goldman, 2012). The remaining drug gets deposited in the nebulization system or on the face or is lost to the surrounding regions. On the other hand upto 40 percent of the drug can be deposited in the lungs with metered dose inhalers. In infants and young children, the main difficulty in using metered dose inhalers is lack of coordination in triggering and inhaling the drug (Smith and Goldman, 2012). To overcome these aspects, spacers and masks are used. Spacers are able to eliminate the need for coordination in metered dose inhalers. The spacers have a valve "with the particular advantage of allowing aerosol to move out of the chamber at inhalation but holding particles in the chamber during exhalation" (Smith and ...
Cite this document
(“Children asthma Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words - 1”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/nursing/596866-children-asthma
(Children Asthma Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words - 1)
“Children Asthma Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/596866-children-asthma.
Black Americans have come a long way indeed since the days of slavery and the Civil War which was fought over the issue of slavery. It is also preferred that blacks are called their politically-correct term which is African-Americans.
The airways of an asthma patient swell hence restricting the flow of air in and out of the lungs, thereby making breathing complicated. This disease is also characterized by extreme mucus production, coughing, wheezing, chest tightness and shortness of breath.
This has increased the number of people coming up to get treatment for chronic diseases. According to Falvo (2009), these developments have helped to save the lives of individuals suffering from chronic illnesses. Different from the ancient centuries where the society had negative misconceptions on chronic illnesses, the public has now been sensitized on the positivity of the matter.
Understanding the reasons for allergic condition, its genetic and environmental basis will enable people to take necessary actions and well-timed suitable preventive measures to avoid asthma and other allergic conditions.
The two terms have been portrayed in a paternalistic relationship than a partnership one. Compliance is useful in medical treatment. It is vital for preventing diseases, promoting health along with successful treatment. Agreement to follow prescription depends on the ability of a pediatric patient and the physician to commit to these objectives (Murphy et al 2009).
Statistics show that that of all the people affected by asthma seven million are children. The minority children are the most affected, as they may be due to their poor backgrounds or discrimination due to their status in the society. America is a place in which all races and cultures live and interact with each other.
It is a common respiratory condition and affects population of all age groups irrespective of race and gender. It constitutes about 2 percent of emergency room visits (Smith and Goldman, 2012). If left unattended and in the presence of severe symptoms asthma can contribute to significant morbidity, mortality and economic costs.
Epidemiological studies have shown that the incidence of asthma in the US is among the highest in the world. The incidence of asthma is much greater (up to 20%) in the US, UK, Australia, New Zealand, and the Republic of Ireland. The global incidence is
The design is suitable for research scopes in which treatment and randomization of research participants may not be possible because of legal, ethical, natural financial constraints. It is consequently free from many legal and