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THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MOUTH-CARE PRACTICES FOR PREVENTING VENTILATOR ASSOCIATED PNEUMONIA IN VENTILATED PATIENTS
Pages 15 (3765 words)
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MOUTH-CARE PRACTICES FOR PREVENTING VENTILATOR ASSOCIATED PNEUMONIA IN VENTILATED PATIENTS. BY ALBERTO SANTIN 10TH JANUARY, 20BSC (HONS) CRITICAL CARE NURSING KINGS COLLEGE LONDON 1.0 Abstract Ventilator- associated pneumonia (VAP) is an avertable resultant of mechanical ventilation and intubation.
This research was conducted through university electronic data base, as well as perusing through some journal articles that proved effective in the research. According to the study conducted, it is clear that oral hygiene is tantamount to other forms of hygiene in terms of disease prevention. It was noted that mechanically ventilated patients, especially those in ICU and neurologic states are at higher risk of VAP because of conducive factors such as mouth dryness, open mouth, lowered degrees of consciousness and secretions through microaspiration. As will be noted in the research findings, VAP is preventable through a number of interventions. According to the Institute of Healthcare Improvements, VAP prevention in intubated patients can be done by raising the head of ventilated patients’ beds up to 300, administering blockers such as gastric histamine, using sequential compression devices such as anticoagulants to inhibit venous thromboembolism. In addition, VAP can be averted in intubated patients by administering nurses exercising proper hand hygiene when performing intubation. Furthermore, interrupting daily sedation programs at 10 am to assess neurologic status is a key step aimed at preventing VAP in patients. ...
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