Medication Adherence in Elders

Medication Adherence in Elders Research Proposal example
Research Proposal
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Contents Specific Aim 3 Literature Review 4 References 8 Medication Adherence in Elders Research Proposal Specific Aim Advanced health care facilities and improved amenities have led to remarkable rise in life expectancy, the gain being as high as 30 years in western European countries, USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand; and even higher in Japan, Spain and Italy.


Medical adherence has been defined by Osterberg & Blaschke, (2005) as “the extent to which patients take medications as prescribed by their health care providers”. It has been reported as a crucial factor determining the health and well being of elderly population by the World Health Organization (Chung et al., 2008). The issue has been reported to have high prevalence varying from 8-71%, 13-93% during various studies. It has been estimated to result in huge economic burden as well as high mortality (Unni, 2008). Recent evidences indicate that only 50% of the prescribed doses are actually taken by individuals diagnosed with chronic diseases. Of these patients approximately 22% take medication in quantities lesser than the amount recommended, 12% do not fill their prescription and 12% buy the medication but forego them entirely. Though race, ethnicity and age have not been reported to be a risk factor for medication non-adherence, the issue is rendered critical among elderly patients due to the high vulnerability of this age group to chronic illnesses (Kocureck, 2009). ...
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