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Rapid Appraisal of Articles - Article Example

1). The study aimed to determine whether using structured, systematic pressure risk assessment tools reduces the incidence of pressure ulcers in any health care setting. Two review authors assessed the eligibility of each study based on the inclusion criteria. The original review found no studies that would meet the inclusion criteria and that there was no statistically significant difference among groups in terms of pressure ulcer incidence. Further evaluation and studies need to be conducted regarding the effectiveness of risk assessment tools. Randomized controlled trial was utilized as the design of the study. Methods include were the Braden pressure ulcer risk assessment tool and training, unstructured risk assessment and training, and unstructured risk assessment alone. Population included 256 people randomised by ward into three groups. The strengths of the study included the focus made on resolving biases such as sequence generation, allocation concealment, blinding, incomplete outcome data, selective outcome reporting, and extreme baseline imbalance. Limitations of the study include methodological limitations that prevent firm conclusions and unavailability of high quality RCT evidence. Jaul, E. (2010). Assessment and Management of Pressure Ulcers in the Elderly: Current Strategies. Drug Aging, 27(4): 311-325. The article of Jaul (2010) discussed the pathogenesis of pressure ulcer development in the elderly (p. 311). Elderly were assessed in terms of comorbities, risk factor, and

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management of pressure ulcers.The review found out the pressure ulcers were common problems of elderly in all types of health care settings. Immobility, nutritional deficiency, chronic diseases, and multisystem dysfunction predispose the elderly to the development of pressure ulcers. Factors related to the overall health status of the patients and the management done by health care practitioners affect the development and treatment of pressure ulcers. The article is primarily a review; no research design stated. Methods employed were review of literatures and studies. There was no specific population stated but elderly in general. The vast majority of literatures and studies were the strengths of the article. Limitations focused only on review of risk factor, wound, pathogenesis, and management of pressure ulcers. McInnes E. et al. (2011). Support surfaces for pressure ulcer prevention (Review). The Cochrane Collaboration, 4: 1-125. McInnes et al. (2011) stated that pressure-relieving surfaces are used to help prevent pressure ulcer development (p. 1). The authors aimed to establish the extent to which pressure-relieving support surfaces reduce the incidence of pressure ulcers compared with standard support surfaces and to determine the comparative effectiveness in pressure ulcer prevention. Inclusion studies totaled to 53. Results found out that foam alternatives and Australian standard medical sheepskins prevent pressure ulcer development in people at risk. The study suggested that higher-specification foam mattresses should be used in at risk population rather than the standard hospital foam mattresses. The research design is a systematic review of RCTs and quasi-randomised studies. Methods employed were criteria for inclusion studies such as report of an objective, clinical, outcome measure, interventions such as low-tech CLP support surfaces, high-tech support surfaces, and others, and measures of primary and secondary outcomes.Population included people


Rapid Appraisal Date Abstract The essay aims to address a two-fold objective to wit: (1) tosummarize the articles; and (2) to identify the different research elements such as design, methods, population, strengths, and limitations…
Author : buckridgeruthie
Rapid Appraisal of Articles essay example
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