Gastric acid is an acidic digestive fluid which is produced in the stomach and is comprised of hydrochloric acid, sodium chloride and potassium chloride. There are several factors that regulate the production of gastric acid and its secretion and these include gastrin,…
There are four main phases in the process of gastric acid production and these include basal phase which is constant acid release into the stomach. The cephalic phase involves the preparation for eating and acid secretion is triggered by impulses from higher CNS structures through CN X. Acid secretion in the gastric phase is due to distention of the abdomen and the intestinal phase is stimulated by amino acids and intestinal distension (Malfertheiner, 2009).
There are several disorders that can occur as a result of hypersacidity which include peptic ulcer disease, gastroesophageal reflux and gastritis. The acid accumulation in these cases is due to a series of aggressive factors such as alcohol, h. pylori and NSAIDs. For example in patients with hyperacid dyspepsia due to Helicobacter pylori there is an increase in gastrin production which stimulates the the parietal cells to produce HCl. Dietary factors and consumption of alcohol leads to stimulation of gastric mucosa leading to hypersecretion of acid from the parietal cells (Patel & Gyawali, 2012).
Genetics have a role to play in the development of PUD, gastritis and GERD due to several reasons. Firstly, hyperacid dyspepsia can be a genetic condition whereby an individual naturally produces an elevated amount of acid therefore making him or her predisposed to developing the above mentioned conditions. Other genetic conditions such as hyperpepsinogemenia play a role in the development of peptic ulcer disease. Genetic defects of lower esophageal sphincter function also predispose an individual to GERD. Autoimmune disorders, cancers and allergic reactions increase an individual’s chances of developing peptic ulcers or gastritis (Patel & Gyawali, ...
Cite this document
(“Pathophysiology- gasrtic acid stimulation on PUD,GERD,GASTRITIS Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/nursing/612089-pathophysiology-gasrtic-acid-stimulation-on-pudgerdgastritis
(Pathophysiology- Gasrtic Acid Stimulation on PUD,GERD,GASTRITIS Essay)
“Pathophysiology- Gasrtic Acid Stimulation on PUD,GERD,GASTRITIS Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/612089-pathophysiology-gasrtic-acid-stimulation-on-pudgerdgastritis.
GERD treatment includes measures that are conservative (diet handling), pharmaceutical rehabilitation (for example, prokinetic or motility agents, histamine H2 antagonists, proton pump inhibitors [PPIs]), and fundoplication. Pediatrics (the medical career concerned with infants and children’s health care) recently faces numerous GERD and chronic cough related complications in their patients.
Urinary tract damage and other cancers have been linked to the intake of aristolochic acid as well as kidney damage and kidney failure which requires dialysis or worse, kidney transplantation . Therefore, this makes aristolochic acid both nephrotoxic and carcinogenic .
There are many ratios that are used to determine a ratio analysis. These are short-term solvency ratios, debt management ratios, asset management ratios, profitability ratios, and market value ratios. The two ratios that make
As such, hypertension is of two kinds: Essential Hypertension and Secondary Hypertension. Most cases of hypertension fall in the category of essential hypertension because no specific cause of patients condition of hypertension is found in this category. The
The most essential primary preventive measures are proper diet, avoidance of stress, stop smoking, regular exercise (Balakrishnan, 2004). However, age and gender is non-modifiable risk factors meaning there is nothing much that one can do to modify them. Five
In the stomach mucosa, there are protective and erosive factors that help maintain acidity in place so that it does not lead to gastritis. In the case where protective factors are limited, erosive factors outwit them and
Reliever inhalers are prescribed to reduce the asthma signs, and they do not minimize the swelling and inflammation in the airway (Wojciechowski, 2011). People suffering from mild asthma are treated with inhaled corticosteroid combined with a
This paper will describe the difference in presentation in patients suffering from bipolar disorder and generalized anxiety disorder using the DSM-5 criteria. This involves a thorough assessment for the patient’s under
Ally’s eyes because it offers a highly defined three-dimensional view that enables the physician to see the presence of detachment or retinal holes. Similarly, the doctor should use the ultrasonography to create images of the retina on a video monitor
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Pathophysiology- gasrtic acid stimulation on PUD,GERD,GASTRITIS for FREE!