CARING FOR MENTALLY DISORDERED OFFENDERS Name Professor Institution Course Date Caring for Mentally disordered offenders Introduction Mental disorder also referred to as mental illness refers to a state in which the mind of human beings fails to function as required (Lindstedt et al (2006)…
The abnormality in the brain functioning is evident in many people. World Health Organization (WHO) statistics show 33% of people living in most countries has this problem (Lindstedt et al. 2006, p.334). Mental disability leads people to commit crimes without their knowledge. Causes The main causes of mental disorder are not clear. Theories trying to explain the causes exist but the truth is that there is no one known cause. The circumstances under which people suffer from mental disorder cut across biological factors such as inheritance, psychological factors, for example, depression and the environment in which people live (Rodriguez et al., 2006). In order to control or effectively care for affected people in the society, it is essential to know the cause of the illness to the person. Understanding ones, psychology will ease the way one relates with the affected people. Therefore, it is essential to elaborate on the causes of mental illness. Biological factors Studies show that abnormal balance of some chemicals found in the brain known as neurotransmitters causes the illness (Rodriguez et al. 2006, p.413). The chemicals enable communication in the brain. Any kinds of injury to these essential devices lead to mental problems. The spread of mental disorder can pass down family generations. ...
Other factors include prolonged substance abuse and poor nutrition (Mason et al., 2008). Psychological and environmental factors When a child is growing, proper care is necessary to prevent it from any form of physical abuse or emotional. Sexual abuse may also cause problems in the future. Neglecting the children at a premature age is not recommendable as this may make them not to relate with others. The environment the people live in is crucial (Mason et al. 2008, p.122). Mental illness may arise due to stress caused by death or divorce, family wrangles and any other condition that may lead to low esteem. Having high expectations may lead to depression if the expectations are not achievable. Stress arises due to failure to fulfill the societal high expectations. During pregnancy, the mother may expose the unborn child to the risks of having mental problems in his old age (Mason et al., 2008). If the mother has exposure to stress, trauma of any hardship lifestyle during pregnancy, the effects may later cause mental illness to the child. Care for offenders Following the review of the causes for mental disorder, the care of the affected is necessary. The attendance to the victims depends on the initial cause and demand for different treatment. From the overview of the causes of mental illness, it is evident that a good number of the cases may not be the fault of the affected people (Bowring-lossock, 2006). It is, therefore, unfair to treat the offenders unfairly since they are under the effects of the illness they suffer. Studies show that most of the offenders face unfair treatment in many institutions. Implications arising from caring for mentally disordered offenders One of the areas to consider in understanding the treatment that mentally ill ...
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193). By some estimation, some 47% of male inmates and 21% of female present with this disorder (Fazel&Danesh, 2002, p. 548). With men, paranoid personality disorder is the second most-common personality disorder; with women, borderline personality disorder is the second most-common personality disorder.
The power under the breach of peace for arresting a person can be utilised in order to remove a person who has committed a violent act or is deemed to commit a violent act. There is also no requirement for an offender to be involved in physical violence or to have any previous criminal record.
However, mental health care has undergone a transformation over the last 10 years. The care of mental health patients have been slowly shifted from hospital to home (which ever cases have merited it), with particular stress on early intervention. The investment in mental health care is one of the highest in Britain and this has resulted in tangible benefits with the country having one of the lowest suicide rates in Europe.
An estimated 8,000 children are affected each year as a result of their mother's imprisonment (Page, 2003). As these statistics show, the situation of female offenders seems to be alarmingly bad.
Thus, female offenders are recently in focus by the criminal justice system in terms of their misdemeanours and their various needs.
This disorderd secretyion of hormones and glands might lead to diseases like stroke, cardiovascular disease, respiratoey diseases, imbalanced secretion of thyroid gland leads to swelling of the organs etc. The hormone balance is one of
There is a critical need for alternatives regarding mental illness and the need to shift the responsibility of untreated mental illness out of the criminal justice system, states Faust (p.6).
Various aspects of the impact of incarcerating mentally ill offenders on the