Can Chronic Conditions Co-exist with Being Healthy: HIV/AIDS (Name) (University) (Course) (Tutor) (Date) Introduction Chronic Conditions could co-exist with being healthy, especially in the case of HIV/AIDS. Health as a word originated from Old English meaning the state and condition of being sound, not only with the physiological functioning but with mental, moral soundness and spiritual salvation…
Traditional concept defines health as lack of disease, symptoms or problems (Geyman, 2007). This concept concentrates on illness as health but neglects the individual as a whole. World Health Organization concept on the other hand defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely as the absence of disease or infirmity. Lastly, Ecological concept defines health as an adequate functional capacity which allows the individuals to carry out their duties and responsibilities or a certain quality of life which enables individuals to live happily, successfully, fruitfully and creatively (American Association of Retired People Public Policy Institute, 2009). Analysis Although definition of illness consists of components related to improper functioning and deviation from normality, it is also diverse in definition just as health since it might be difficult to establish what constitutes proper functioning and what characterizes a deviation from normality. The definition has been grouped in children, adolescents and adults, but they all center on the fact that illness refers to an alteration in an individual’s functioning (Price & Wilson, 1997). ...
conditions can be defined as a condition that consists of the following criteria; have a duration that lasts for at least six months and above, have a pattern of recurrence or deterioration, have a poor prognosis and lastly produce consequences that impact on the individual’s quality of life. Chronic conditions consists of non-communicable conditions like cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, chronic respiratory and cancer and infections conditions like HIV, hepatitis B and tuberculosis and lastly mental health conditions like depression, schizophrenia and substance addiction. In this paper, tuberculosis as a chronic condition is highly discussed to establish its etiology, path physiology and its medical treatments (Price & Wilson, 1997). Tuberculosis is an infectious communicable disease that is caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis. It remains a major health problem in terms of chronic conditions and should be properly diagnosed to prevent further infection transmissions. It mostly affects adults in their productive age group and although it affects children as well, it is still not seen as a threat among the children. It is an infectious disease that could be passed to children from the adult sputum positive pulmonary TB cases excreting tubercle bacilli. This has made it difficult to control TB in children since it has to be detected and properly treated in adults. The most affecting agent of TB in human is Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is an air-borne infection transmitted to a substantial population when patients suffering from TB discharge bacilli in their surrounding during coughing or sneezing (Kalnins & Love, 1982). On the part of the children, the TB is acquired through inhalation of the tubercle bacilli that is spread by the adult infections. In relation to ...
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The issue which is linked to the disease is one which continues to be defined by the global issue as well as the needs which are a part of each community. Each of the programs which have been developed is specific to the need to assist in stopping the disease while helping those who are suffering from HIV or AIDS.
Since early 1990s, HIV and AIDS pandemic has been a generalized epidemic as bidirectional and sexually transmitted infection. The disease has, however, prediction of eventually becoming worse than even the plaque pandemic that stroke Europe and Asia in the historical dates (Karen 19).
AIDS is pandemic and encompasses many epidemics of different subtypes. The leading factor for its multiplication and spread include sexual transmission and vertical transmission where the fetus gets the disease from the mother (Kallings, 2008).
Unlike the myths around, they are diseases that can infect anyone in spite of his or her race, gender, or age. Based on the period of discovery the diseases could be traced back in Africa from where it is believed to have developed and spread. They destroy the human immune system, specifically the CD4 bearing cells (CD4+ T cells and Macrophages).
At this time, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported cases of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in some otherwise healthy homosexual men of Los Angeles and 26 cases of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), again in 26 homosexual individuals both in New York and Los Angeles (Klimas et al., 2008).
Accordingly, health professionals are medically bound in providing interventions appropriate to patients with HIV infections; “a virtuous act...affirming the moral mission of health care” (“Legal and Ethical Issues,” 2005). Majority of obligations that
Different groups including government, private and public sectors had been working constantly in the national and international level to counteract the increasing prevalence of the condition.
The paper is aimed to present the
The author states that the Human Immuno Deficiency virus can remain in dead body for years without showing any symptoms of being visible. The last of stage of disease to be infected is AIDS as it requires almost 10 years span of time to get infected and finally reaching the development of the AIDS disease.
There is an exception to the ethical and legal obligation to confidentiality of HIV-related information. Doctors in the US are required to report AIDS and HIV infections to health authorities considering the benefits of this outweigh
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