Obstetrics and Gynecology is a medical specialist that deals with the fields of obstetrics and gynecology through a program of one post graduate training. This training prepares the practice of obstetrics and gynecology to be adept at the care of productive organs of a…
This topic helps people to practice obstetrics and gynecology under in the delivery with urinal incontinence and interchange of urinary incontinence over the first tear postpartum so as to protect and improve the health of females’ productive organs and avoid complications during pregnancy period. It provides training to all females to guide themselves during giving birth.
This topic deals with training that is required, as an obstetrician and gynecologist, to practice medicine extensively. The both trainings combined; prepare the practice of OB/GYN to be adept at the management of surgery entire scope of clinical pathology that involves reproductive organs of female and care for pregnant and non-pregnant patients (Kwee et al, 2004).
“Association of mode of delivery with urinary incontinence and changes in urinary incontinence (UI) over the first tear postpartum” is a topic based under obstetrics and gynecology. Fear of urinal incontinence is a common reason for maternal demand for cesarean delivery. The strength of pelvic floor muscle goes back to ante partum value 6–10 weeks after delivery in many women. However, urinary incontinence symptoms appear after delivery does not resolve in the long term in few women. Various studies have concluded that the prevalence of UI changed or did not change within 6 months or 1 year postpartum. A higher prevalence of urinary incontinence has been seen in women who underwent virginal delivery over those who underwent cesarean delivery (Iams, 2009).
In contrast, a study done recently found that vaginal delivery was not completely associated with postpartum urinary incontinence. Bearing a child is a risk factor for urinary incontinence among middle-aged and young women. Suggestions have shown that vaginal delivery is the main contributing factor, because of important muscle damage nerves or tissue. Although pregnancy itself can cause mechanical changes, hormonal changes, or ...
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The paper sheds some lights on the vaginal examination in labour, the information that healthcare professionals gather from it, the role of midwives and patients, and the current situation of vaginal examination; whether vaginal examination is a clinical intervention or an essential assessment tool; whether vaginal examination is necessary or it is just a practice by midwives.
For the mother, these advantages include promotion of mother-child bonding and better breastfeeding status and duration. From the infant’s perspective, the practice of skin to skin contact has a positive impact on the infants’ thermoregulation, infant behavior and infant crying (Moore, Anderson, & Bergman, 2009; Gouchon, Gregori, Picotto, Patrucco, Nangeroni, & Di Giulio, 2010).
The growing penchant for CS, however, had alarmed the WHO a few decades back noting the increasing and unjustifiable rise of childbirth through this artificial method. The Organization issued a statement against the increasing CS rates in the hope of encouraging women back to the traditional method of giving birth.
It is the most common procedure conducted in operation theatres and most of the operations are done even when there are no identified maternal risks. Some of the major medical causes for this rise include a previous delivery by c-section, problems during labor such as obstruction, signs of fetal distress and breech presentation of the fetus.
This paper will discuss about the different methods of birth assessment such as hypnobirthing, medical childbirth, caesarean, and the like. HypnoBirthing is claimed to be a “simplified form and straightforward approach” of child delivery believed to be suited for women who can undertake normal delivery without intervention and professional medical intervention for safe child delivery (MedlinePlus, 2013a).
However, if a vaginal delivery poses an imminent threat to the health of the mother or the child, or if the pregnant woman requests for a cesarean delivery, the baby is delivered through a cesarean section. The total and primary cesarean rate showed a decrease between 1989 and 1996 and an increase between 1996 and 2003 in the United States.
The foremost reason for opting for cesarean deliveries is pelvic floor dysfunction. Moreover, the legal implications involved in the failure of deliveries have also paved the way for Cesarean Deliveries at Maternal Request (CDMR). Although studies made so far
as witnessed increasing number of cesarean births as more mothers with the cooperation of their doctors are opting for a C-section than the normal vaginal delivery. This continuing rise of maternal request has paved the way for serious debate on the harm that such procedures
108). In fact, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that approximately 170 million people around the globe are infected with HCV and roughly 3.4 million of these cases occur in the US alone (Alter et al., 1999, p. 558). According to the study conducted