Chronic Illness Course Number Due Date Instructor Name Introduction The prevalence of chronic illnesses has increased worldwide and currently it contributes to various health problems. Chronic illness care management usually requires the coordination, collaboration, and integration across teams, professions, and organizations…
Chronic illnesses Chronic illnesses refer to medical conditions or health problems with associated symptoms or disabilities that require long-term management usually three months or more (Brunner & Smeltzer, 2009). Chronic illnesses may also refer to illnesses that have extended or prolonged course that are unlikely to be resolved immediately and that cure may be absent or rare. Currently, the term chronic illness is gradually fading and it being replaced by the term living with a long-term condition. The import of this approach is to eliminate or reduce emphasis on the disease rather than the person. The magnitude of chronic diseases has been defined and based on the length of illnesses, recurrence, resistance to cure and severity (Power and Orto 2004). The major causes and factors that led to the increased number of people with chronic conditions include decrease in mortality from infectious diseases, lifestyle factors, longer lifespan because of advancement in medicine and improved screening and diagnostic procedures (Ackley & Gail, 2000). Lifestyle habits such as smoking and sedentary lifestyles have contributed to the rise and risk of chronic illnesses and problems such as respiratory diseases, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and obesity among others. Characteristics of chronic illnesses Chronic illnesses characteristic revolves around the lives of the patients and their families and its management. Chronic illness management often goes beyond the treatment of medical problems and it goes further to address other related psychological and social problems. This is because living with chronic illness and any disability has the potentially of affecting, changing and altering the identity, roles, body image and lifestyle of people (Carrier, 2009). As a result, these changes and alteration need to be managed to enable people living with chronic illnesses to continuously adapt and for them to be accommodated in the society. Another characteristics of chronic illness is that is develops in different phases over the life span of a person. The phases may include acute periods, stable and unstable periods, flares, and remissions and each phase is normally associated with its inherent physical, psychological and social problems that need various regimens and management (Brunner & Smeltzer, 2009). Successful management of chronic illnesses requires persistent and consistent adherence to therapeutic regimes as failure or any slight deviation from the treatment may increase the risk of patients for developing other complications and it may increase the development process of the disease (Larsen, 2011). Chronic illness may lead to the development other chronic illnesses or conditions hence contributing to high risk of morbidity and mortality among patients. Chronic illness is uncertain and its management is a process of discovery that involves the collaboration of various healthcare professionals who work together with the patient and their families in the provision of various services (Nolte, Knai, & McKee, 2008). Chronic illness management is an expensive and costly as patients often incur a lot of expenses that are related to costs for hospital stays, diagnostic tests, equipment, medications and supportive services. The cost problem is further exacerbated by the fact that most living with chron ...
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In most cases, the patients are terminally ill who are in the last few months, or even days of their life. They may also be afflicted with diseases which have no cure, only management interventions. These diseases include cancer, AIDS, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary heart disease, and similar chronic illnesses.
There’s a lot of research going on to determine the causes of abnormalities in human beings. The causes and treatments for some kind of abnormalities has been devised by scientists but there are still many abnormalities which continue to puzzle and mystify scientists.
Rheumatic Arthritis causes her a lot of pain as she works. At home, pain is from bonding sessions with her family, personal grooming and doing house chores (Peter, J 2006). Her behavior changes as she adjusts to her condition. She tends to avoid a lot of movement and strenuous jobs.
This means that health is not just a state of being well without sickness but rather an overall inclusive definition that affects even the social well being of the person – or how well he behaves in society. The definition also
Vaccination protects the old, children and those with chronic illness who are more vulnerable to being very ill from flu. Vaccination enhances fast production of antibodies against influenza virus if it invades the
Also, asthma can provoke several other associated conditions such as rhinosinusitis, obstructive sleep apnea and gastro-esophageal reflux disease. COPD abbreviated as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.COPD also associated with increased
The view therefore affects the manner in which we anylize and draw conclusions. The rates of mortality, mordibility and life expectancy cotinue to differ in most developed countries. This is highly influenced by social classes as well as the different income groups.
Another context could be a functional context in which health is defined as a being in a state in which you are able to perform certain activities. Health inequalities in the larger UK are brought about by different social
may have cash tied in global sales hence increase the company’s borrowing base by considering the inventory and raw materials (Ambrose, Cheng & King, 2010). A good example is the Export-Import Bank of the United States, which is the official export credit bank in the U.S. Some
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