StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Acute pancreatitis - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Acute pancreatitis

The very first assessment involved collecting the patient’s blood sample for testing and the results indicated that she had increased levels of digestive enzymes known as serum amylase. When these enzymes leak out of a malfunctioning pancreas, some is taken up into the blood, where high levels may be detected. As with other inflammatory condition, C-reactive protein (CRP) was also reported to be high. Higher levels of CRP indicate other serious diseases with a poor prognosis. Together with such signs and symptoms as sudden bloated stomach, abdominal pain, and ultrasound, the above increases attested to the presence of gall stones. In addition, a swollen pancreas was an indication that Mrs A was suffering from acute pancreatitis. This essay will define acute pancreatitis; explains its aetiology; its associated pathophysiology; as well as its pertinent epidemiology. It also looks at two interventions (examination of the levels of blood glucose and intravenous paracetamol administration) that were applied in the management of the patient’s condition and gives an appraisal of the care applied towards meeting her needs. Although pancreatitis may be acute or chronic (Smith & Fawcett, 2006), the focus of this paper is on acute pancreatitis. As Smith & Fawcett explain, the pancreas is an elongated, slender organ located at the left upper side of the abdomen. Acute pancreatitis refers to a kind of inflammation that occurs rapidly causing an elevated level of pancreatic enzymes in the blood as well as upper abdominal pain (Zara, 2010). Acute pancreatitis occurs in two types namely necrotizing acute pancreatitis and interstitial pancreatitis, which accounts for eighty percent of all cases of acute pancreatitis (Zara, 2010). Research by the British Society of Gastroenterology (BSG) (2005) indicates that in the United Kingdom, the frequency of acute pancreatitis is getting higher – it ranges from 150-420 cases for every million populations. Acute pancreatitis may result from surgery, drugs, or trauma (Burruss & Holz, 2005). However, alcohol and gallstones bring lead to about eighty per cent of this condition (BSG, 2005). Nevertheless, Sargent (2006) explains that ten percent of acute pancreatitis could be idiopathic, meaning that a diagnostic cause has not been recognized. Ultra sound results on Mrs A confirmed that she had gallstones. Finding out her condition’s underlying root could consequently greatly enhance her condition’s management and it may as well assist in the prevention of more attacks. Even though it is generally agreed that this condition entails an intricate flow of incidents that begin in the acinar cell of the pancreas, it is not clear the way in which the particular method through which acute pancreatitis arises (Madhav et al., 2005). According to Parker (2004), one generally acceptable and common presumption is the fact this condition results from pancreatic acini’s disruption or injury, which allows the seepage of such enzymes from the pancreas as elastase, chymotrypsin as well as trypsin into pancreatic tissue. The seeped enzymes are activated in this tissue, thereby instigating auto digestion as well as acute pancreatitis, as Parker explains (2004). Elastase, trypsin, and lipase activation breaks the cell membranes as well as the tissue down, leading to vascular destruction, haemorrhage, necrosis, as well as oedema (Madhav, et al., 2005). Once this takes place, it leads to an abrupt incisive pain in the upper abdominal region further (Holcomb, 2007). In most cases, the ache spreads out s to the backside and in most cases, it is linked to vomiting along with nausea. The ...Show more

Summary

This essay will define acute pancreatitis;explains its aetiology;its associated pathophysiology;as well as its pertinent epidemiology.It also looks at two interventions that were applied in the management of the patient’s condition…
Author : kaylie07
Acute pancreatitis essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Acute pancreatitis"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Medical Report
The most common cause in acute pancreatitis is the presence of gallstone that may occlude the passage of bile causing the inflammation (Stein & Miller, 2000) and also alcohol intake. Research found out that drugs such as Furosemide and Azathioprine induce acute pancreatitis (Lankisch, Droge, & Gottesleben, 1995).
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Nursing Care: Acute Pancreatitis
Nursing Care: Acute Pancreatitis Acute pancreatitis is a challenging condition not only for surgeons but also for nurses taking care of them (Granger and Remick 2005). It is a life threatening condition and warrants continuous monitoring. It causes severe distress to the patient and also to the family members because of the pain and other symptoms associated with it.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Science applied to adult nursing
However, as the abdominal pain gradually increased and became intolerable, Sam suspected worse problem and came to the hospital. Sam is a known smoker for 25 years and an alcoholic for 15
16 pages (4000 words) Essay
Medical Report for Pancreatitis
Patient has no history of autoimmune disorders, cystic fibrosis, or other genetic conditions. Upon physical examination, the patient was discovered to have a tender mass in his abdomen and a
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Nutrition on a Patient with Acute and Recurrent Pancreatitis
Planning for this patient care should uphold the returning to normal of nutritional status. Interventions should be collaborated by the physician, nurse, RD, and laboratory technician. The calorie and protein needs of the patient
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Pancraititis
In extreme cases, it may result into bleeding. This can be very hazardous to the pancreas (Shrikhande et.al., n.d). Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas. It can be acute or chronic and often presents with pain in the middle or
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Case study
Nurses play an important role in any health care system. They play a major role in the assessment and treatment of patients. They promote the emotional well being of a patient because of their sense of empathy and caring
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Nutritional assessment and management of patient with Acute Pancreatitis
The incidence of acute pancreatitis varies between 4.9 and 73.4 cases per 100,000 population worldwide (Tenner et al. 2013). The incidence of chronic pancreatitis is lower when compared to acute
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Pancreatitis
Acute pancreatitis is associated with the formation of an abrupt inflammation that exists for a short duration. Its effects range from mild discomfort to detrimental, life-threatening disease (Davis 1). This type of disease is
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Gastroenterology
While the diagnosis of chronic abdominal pains in a 20-year old male include inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, and diverticulitis. I also agree with him that, cholelithiasis, acute upper GI Bleed, perforated peptic ulcer disease, toxic
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation