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Medical Marijuana Name Institution Introduction In 1997, there was a campaign started by the British newspaper The Independent aimed at decriminalizing marijuana use, portraying it as a relatively harmless drug, ultimately leading to the downgrading of the legal status of the drug by the British Government.
Reports from medical studies indicate that the active ingredient present in marijuana i.e. delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), tends to provide some medical gains in some patients. Having the impression that these gains were significant, voters in California, as well as Arizona endorse initiatives permitting the use of medical marijuana by those patients under specific circumstances. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to represent a recent review of the medical literature concerning the benefits of using marijuana for medical purposes (Chism, 2012). THC happens to be a cannabinoid compound binding to CB1 cannabinoid receptors within the human brain. These cannabinoids tend to mimic endocannabinoids produced in the brain that occur naturally, though they do it with effects that are much more powerful. CB1 receptors are within the cerebral cortex mainly the frontal sections, the basal ganglia, the hippocampus, the cerebellum, the anterior cingulate cortex and the hypothalamus. There are experimental illustrations of the outcomes of THC by the use of animal studies, as well as in vitro human studies. The performance of THC is through inhibiting the discharge of neurotransmitters, comprising of L-glutamate, acetylcholine, GABA, 5-HT, noradrenaline and dopamine. ...
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