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Medical Marijuana - Essay Example

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Medical Marijuana

Reports from medical studies indicate that the active ingredient present in marijuana i.e. delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), tends to provide some medical gains in some patients. Having the impression that these gains were significant, voters in California, as well as Arizona endorse initiatives permitting the use of medical marijuana by those patients under specific circumstances. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to represent a recent review of the medical literature concerning the benefits of using marijuana for medical purposes (Chism, 2012). THC happens to be a cannabinoid compound binding to CB1 cannabinoid receptors within the human brain. These cannabinoids tend to mimic endocannabinoids produced in the brain that occur naturally, though they do it with effects that are much more powerful. CB1 receptors are within the cerebral cortex mainly the frontal sections, the basal ganglia, the hippocampus, the cerebellum, the anterior cingulate cortex and the hypothalamus. There are experimental illustrations of the outcomes of THC by the use of animal studies, as well as in vitro human studies. The performance of THC is through inhibiting the discharge of neurotransmitters, comprising of L-glutamate, acetylcholine, GABA, 5-HT, noradrenaline and dopamine. Though endocannabinoids tend to be rapidly inactivated through the enzyme, fatty acid amide hydrolase, there are exogenous cannabinoids like, which persist for longer periods of time, leading to the noted physiological effects (Masson, Leavitt & Chaffee, 2011). Benefits of Medical marijuana It is impossible to list all the medicinal, as well as medical benefits of marijuana since they are so many; people all over the world is standing up for their rights for the incorporation of holistic, natural medicines so as to remedy their ailments. With the help of modern technologies, the numerous medicinal benefits associated with marijuana are ever-increasingly turning out to be integrated into the same fabric of worldwide societies all over the world. Marijuana helps in the treatment of conditions, which in most cases are side effects of certain diseases including reduction of stress, thwarting depression and battling the effects of an astounding number of diseases, as well as other adverse health conditions. Below are some of the most remarkable, medicinal marijuana that are clinically-proven. In order to understand these benefits, it is appropriate to analyze some of the diseases leading to these side effects (Gerber, 2004). a) AIDS: Studies show that a quarter of all AIDS patients is using cannabis as a way of pain or anxiety relief, in curbing nausea, and in helping in the improvement of their appetites since medical marijuana has anti-emetic, as well as analgesic properties, which tend to be beneficial in treating HIV and AIDS-related symptoms. Therefore, cannabinoid drugs are a viable treatment for HIV/AIDS patients who are making an attempt to stay healthy in the face of appetite loss and wasting syndrome considering that they do not adversely affect other mandatory medications. b) Anorexia: This is a psychiatric illness, which causes an eating disorder discernible by poor perception of body image, forced vomiting, low body weight, voluntary starvation, excessive exercise or the use of diuretics, along with diet pills. Therefore, cannabis, along with cannabinoid drugs tend to be effective in treating an acute loss ...Show more

Summary

Medical Marijuana Name Institution Introduction In 1997, there was a campaign started by the British newspaper The Independent aimed at decriminalizing marijuana use, portraying it as a relatively harmless drug, ultimately leading to the downgrading of the legal status of the drug by the British Government…
Author : qmedhurst
Medical Marijuana Essay essay example
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