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The Essentials of Genomics and Genetics for Nurses
Pages 5 (1255 words)
The Essentials of Genomics and Genetics for Nurses Katy Mooney NURS 505 Advanced Health/Physical Assessment May 6, 2012 The Essentials of Genomics and Genetics for Nurses The applicability of genomics and genetics to the professional nursing practice has considerably been increased ever since the completion of the Human Genome Project (HGP) in 2003.
While genetics refers to the “study of individual genes and their impact on relatively rare single gene disorders” genomics includes the “study of all the genes in the human genome together, including their interactions with each other, the environment, and the influence of other psychosocial and cultural factors” (Consensus panel, 2008, p. 8). Genomics takes into account the environmental factors and clearly demonstrates how these contribute to human health and illness. While genetics focuses on single gene disorders, genomics “takes a holistic view of genetics” (Ward, 2011, p. 2). Genomics and genetics knowledge, as well as competencies have been proved to be essential prerequisites in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of various chronic diseases. Similarly, with the advancements made in genetic and genomic research genetic testing is now being widely employed for the diagnosis and prognosis of many common diseases like cancer. As such, genetic and genomic competencies have become integral to the professional nursing practice today. This paper seeks to explore the essentials of genomics and genetics for nurses, and in doing so, it will look at genetic and genomic knowledge, competencies, professional responsibility, assessment and application of genomics and genetics to healthcare. ...
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