Hand hygiene has been pointed out to be quite important in handling patients not only in home settings but also within the healthcare facilities as the patients go to seek for medical care (Cantrell, 2008; Gebhart, 2012). Hand hygiene has therefore received much attention owing…
With this being a retrospective project, no questionnaires will be involved (no human involvement) but only collection/evaluation of pre and post data from the infection/risk and quality department within the sampled acute care center.
Any or all actions that are meant to clean hands by any person may describe what hand hygiene refers to. It involves such practices as washing hands using water as well as soap or even the application of non-water antimicrobial rub on hands as are all meant to reduce if not eliminate all microorganisms on the hands (Corrigan, 2013; Medvick, 2008). ‘Hospital acquired infection’ (HAI) refers to the infection that a patient may be diagnosed with after admission of any form of medical attendance within the medical facilities and as such it implies that the infection was not present as the patient came into the facility for the health service(s) (Weinstock, 2007). It must therefore be acquired through health care delivery and hands hygiene has been pointed out as the greatest contributor to such outcomes (Cantrell, 2013). Health care facilities and providers have therefore a mandatory responsibility of ensuring that hand hygiene is promoted in order to curb the losses in life and costs associated with the resultant infections from poor hand hygiene within these medical facilities. This paper therefore focuses on the effects of poor hand hygiene by healthcare providers on HAI with special attention on compliance by health care providers and main factors that could explain the poor hygiene within health facilities amidst the extensive and serious campaigns on hand hygiene within these facilities (Cantrell, 2014).
Although this topic has been addressed intensively over years, little studies have been directed towards implications of compliance of health care providers on observing hands hygiene. Many factors ...
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Conclusion II. Chapter Two: Review of the Literature/Evidence A. Methodology (for the search & review process) B. Findings (integrative review of the literature) C. Limitations (of the search & review) D. Conclusions (based on the evidence) III. Chapter Three: Conceptual Model A.
They are responsible for about 20,000 to 88,000 cases of fatality in the United States and 5,000 deaths in the United Kingdom per year. Hospital – acquired infections may result to income loss among healthcare professionals and patients, due to improper hand hygiene while working and while being admitted in the hospital, respectively.
These international consensus rules reinforce the require for multidimensional policies as the most capable process to assist hand hygiene. “Key elements include staff education and motivation, adoption of an alcohol-based hand rub as the primary method for hand hygiene, use of performance indicators, and strong commitment by all stakeholders, such as front-line staff, managers and health care leaders, to improve hand hygiene” (Gooding 2011).
These alcohol based products do not require water for decontaminating hands. Plain soap and antibacterial soap are more effective in cases where hands are contaminated with soil or visible dirt while alcohol based products are preferred in all other cases.
The incidence of surgical site infection is also linked with poor adherence to hand hygiene recommendations. Investigations of the effect of frequent soap use and skin changes revealed marked damage of skin for several days, suggesting that persons in healthcare who require frequent hand washing, and thereby long-term changes in skin flora, will have 'chronic damage, irritant contact dermatitis and eczema, and concomitant changes in flora'.
While there are several channels through which infection may proliferate, for SSIs, the preliminary introduction of pathogens most commonly transpire during the surgical procedure performed at the Operating Theater (OT). Thus, it is imperative that a pragmatic approach be taken in the study of traits of the patient, operation, personnel and health care facility, which all pose some degree of risk to the development of SSIs (Center for Disease Control, 2002).
As it can be seen from the previous chapters, play and the outdoors typically complement each other and outdoor play in the early years is important to many attributes that are associated with learning in
Every practicum interacts differently with different environments, thus necessitating a change. However, the implementation and sustainability of change are affected by the internal and external issues of the practicum. The main issues affecting change are resistance to change, poor sponsorship of change, and communication failures.
The study has the objective of showing the existence of bacteria on hands of healthcare workers (HCW) and educate them on hand hygiene using alcohol-based rub. The topic of study reflects the relationship between the amount of
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