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Care for patients with Sickle Cell Disease
Pages 22 (5522 words)
Comprehensive Exam Student # March 14, 2012 Part I Introduction Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a common inherited chronic illness in the United States. According estimates by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), SCD affects 100,000 Americans and occurs among one in every 12 African Americans (2011).
This paper aims to analyze Ms. R’s case from theoretical and ethical perspectives, to provide clinical interventions by evidence-based researches, and evaluate the involved public policy. Part II Theoretical Perspective – Modeling and Role-modeling Theory Introduction Helen Erickson, Evelyn Tomlin, and Mary Ann Swain developed the modeling and role-modeling (MRM) theory. This grand theory of nursing provides holistic care to clients by understanding their needs and providing client-centered interventions to meet the needs (Erickson, 2010). It identifies the nurse as a “facilitator” who uses the modeling and role-modeling processes to help individuals “achieve a perceived optimal state of health and well-being” (Erickson, 2010, p. 546). Nurses use the process of modeling to develop an “understanding of the client’s world as the client perceives it” by accepting the individual’s belief (Frisch & Bowman, 2011, p. 519). While the planning and implementation of client-specific nursing interventions is ongoing, the role-modeling process follows. This theory uses five aims of intervention as a standard in providing individualized care (Erickson, 2010). ...
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