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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Cover Page Your Name Course Professor’s Name Date Introduction Of all the preventable birth defects and developmental disorders, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is the most common. Having a devastating impact on the children that must bear its burden for the rest of their lives, this disease ravages individuals and society alike…
Given the frequency of this disorder, it is one that all medical professionals should be familiar with. What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome? Fetal Alcohol Syndrome—the number one preventable cause of birth defects and developmental disorders in the United States—was first given its name in 1973 (Warren, Hewitt, & Thomas, 2011). Though there had been many instances of women drinking during pregnancy, the symptoms caused in the fetus and child hadn’t been a focus of study. It occurs in .5 to 7.0 cases per 1,000 births in this country (Warren et al., 2011). Subcategories of the syndrome have also been identified to describe disorders of lesser severity. These include partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Fetal Alcohol Effects, alcohol-related birth defects, alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (Warren et al., 2011). “Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome” describes some of the same features as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome but does not require all of the same diagnostic criteria to be met (Warren et al., 2011). The term “Fetal Alcohol Effects” is used when symptoms of maternal exposure are present but not severe enough to meet criteria for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (Warren et al., 2011). ...
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