The condition could be observed in teen age, adolescence or early adulthood. In many cases the symptom onsets before the age of 25 years (Kessler et al, 2005), but it remains undiagnosed till the problem takes the form of disorder. Management of the condition is crucial and is a long-term process where co-operation of the associated individuals play a significant role. Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder Individuals suffering from bipolar disorder display severe emotional condition which is termed as "mood episodes", encompassing either too thrilled or overjoyed which is called the maniac episode; or the individuals remain in the phase of discouraging thoughts or gloom this phase is termed as the depressive episode. Individuals also witness a mixed stage where phase of mania as well as depression co-exist. Individuals with bipolar disorder may become bad-tempered or dangerous during their mood episode. These symptoms directly influence daily activities such as the energy levels, behaviour of the person, trouble in proper sleep, restlessness. With time the condition becomes severe and the person have longer duration of unbalanced frame of mind as compared to the distinct phases of depression or mania (Web. Bipolar Disorder). Individuals displaying terrible phases of mood swing and almost every day or remain in such altered mindset for two to three weeks is likely to suffer with bipolar disorder. The symptoms can be categorized as- A. Manic episode or mania encompasses- a. mood swing- this is the extreme phase where the individual is either over joyful, in very high spirit or display very extrovert nature. On the other hand, this phase also displays other aspect where the individual remain ill-tempered, disconcerted, jumpy feeling may also be seen (Web. Bipolar Disorder). b. behaviour alterations- the individual gets diverted without difficulty, can jump from one thought to another or many thoughts could be presented simultaneously. The individual starts taking at a faster pace, restlessness is also displayed during this phase and the individual may not sleep appropriately. During this phase some sort of hyperactivity is also observed where the individual may show over enthusiasm in taking new assignments and jobs due to impractical conviction in one's skills. This phase also display unusual behaviour such as participating in high-risk task, may show extravagance temperament, getting diverted towards pleasurable things and perform impetuous investments (Web. Bipolar Disorder). B. Depressive episode of depression encompasses a. mood swing- during this phase the individual has the feeling of being empty and remains depressed. The individual do not show any interest in activities which were once providing pleasure (Web. Bipolar Disorder). b. behaviour alterations- the normal pace of work becomes slow, the individual is not able to concentrate on things and a habit of forgetfulness could be observed. Individuals during this phase may face difficulty in remembering and recollecting from the memory and therefore finds intricacy in taking any decision rather they remain restless and irritable. Changes could also be observed in eating as well as sleeping habits. Suicidal thoughts often ponder in mind and in severe condition a person may attempt to commit suicide (Web. Bipolar Disorder). Bipolar disorder constitute two phases or poles, BPI, or classic manic-depression. BPII is considered to be placid disorder with alternating phases
Bipolar Affective Disorder Introduction Bipolar disorder is commonly known as maniac-depressive disorder, it is a neurological condition that is responsible for alteration in mood, daily tasks, level of energy as well as involvement in any activity. The condition is dissimilar to the routine mood swings…
Depression is just one part of bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depression. Many children who are diagnosed as anything related to depression are actually bipolar, but either a manic attack has not been witnessed or recognized by someone guarding over that child.
Occasionally, people show a mixture of both high and low features at the same time, or switch during the day, giving a mixed picture. Bipolar disorder is thought to be primarily caused by biological factors. It is strongly inherited. Marie-Paule Austin, et al, 2002
this instance, there are several indications that Steven’s behavior may be the result of a disparity between his own self image as opposed to the reality of his experience. In the first instance, as Carl Rogers points out, human beings have a natural tendency to strive
It can be simply defined as a psychological problem associated with mood, in which a person experiences mania, which is excessive happiness, irritation or excitement. On the other hand, they experience low moods known as depression in which they feel sad, suicidal, and lonely
Bipolar disorder is often regarded as a hereditary disease, which transfers from parents to children and other blood relations including grandchildren and nephews. There exists a strong misconception about the disease that since it is a hereditary disease, and there exists no other reason behind this disorder, so it cannot be cured completely; rather, the duration of fits could be controlled and mitigated.
Nicotine has neurobiological and cognitive effects to individuals with schizophrenia. With the different types of nicotine, a conclusion has not been established on the type of nicotinic receptor affects individuals with schizophrenia or rather schizoaffective disorder.
In this paper, I will highlight the key clinical features of the disease as well as describe the available diagnostic tools and provide the analysis of the current treatment options.
Bipolar disorder is a
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