Poor relations and hatred among individuals and nations in the world today has driven people to great lengths with the aim of inducing harm on others. Using the advanced technology people have generated biologically, lethal weapons, which can hurt a great number of people and go…
tistics indicating that the number of affected decreased from 130 estimated cases in 1990s to less than two cases in the 21sts century (Cdc.gov, 2014). Treatment and preventive measures are available to those affected by the bacteria with earlier detection techniques available at the medical centers.
The need to threaten or weaken a particular nation has led to the use of biological weapons, attack hard to prevent to its nature. Bioterrorism refers to the use biological weapons to induce harm over a person or group of people. The similarity between a bioterrorism and biologic warfare is the agent used whereas the major difference being the intention of using a particular biological agent (Ivanova et al., 2003). The agents considered in carrying out a bioterrorist attack are classified according to their pathogenicity. Anthrax, a disease caused by the bacteria Bacillus anthracis, is mostly used, and several hoaxes of this bacterium have been reported in the United States (Saffer, 2004). When selecting an effective bioterrorism agent, perpetrators consider several factors that will make it easier for the desired goal to be achieved effectively.
The agent selected should possess the ability to cause morbidity, mortality, or illness with difficult diagnosis and treatment. Accessibility, stability, and reproducibility are other factors that are carefully analyzed for consideration of an agent. The agent should be easy to find which was simpler before the federal regulations illegalized the sale of specific pathogenic organisms by biological supply companies. Reproducibility aids in ensuring that enough quantity to carry out an attack on a certain number of people is attainable (Saffer, 2004). Stability maintenance at different environmental conditions that it may be subjected to during the attack is vital especially in moving from one place to another and during dispersal. Dispersion aids in ensuring that the targeted group of people is exposed to the agent. Several ...
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If left untreated, within a short period of time symptoms become lethal and are irreversibly fatal. Modern techniques for surveillance and distinction of strains play a role in identifying and controlling both naturally occurring and bioterrorism related anthrax outbreaks.
Anthrax is easier to use than explosives and other terrorism devices. Most terrorists are less educated and have limited access to technology, making use of simple explosives much more common than an bioterrorism agent (Bowman, 2002). Anthrax can be easily attained from the former Soviet military system.
Many research activities and political actions have been taken to improve the reliability and speed of anthrax detection through sampling of bioagents on-site as well as in-lab culturing and confirmation of bioagents in collected samples. Following the anthrax letter attacks of 2001, the United States Postal service, and other public facilities, instituted Biowatch programs, specifically geared at early anthrax detection in order to minimize contamination.
Even the Knicks’ coach, Mike D’Antoni, believe that Lin was only lucky that particular night when all eyes were on him. (Berman) Sports writer Marc Berman has hinted that Lin was only a hit with the public because of some events that had seemingly happened to favor him.
Bioterrorism is not less scaring and dangerous for the modern society than military terrorism. Nowadays the world’s community is struggling against the expansion of hazardous biological agents. The main emphasis is made on control, prevention and protection of society’s health in the face of bioterrorist attacks.
Etiological Agent: The causal organism is Bacillus anthracis, endospore-forming bacteria. The organism is capable of surviving for many decades in soil. The bacterium is aerobic, Gram+, non-motile, capsulated rod. It is known to produce toxins (exotoxin) both in virulent and avirulent forms and contains antigenically active components the lipoproteins, known to be highly thermolabile.
nce the greatest danger by anthrax lies in its inhalation which is the most lethal, and also the most difficult to detect and treat making it the “preferred portal of entry for biowarfare and bioterrorism” (Trippon, 2002, p.18). As an excellent weapon of mass destruction,
“This disease mainly affects animals like sheep, goats, cattle and so on but human beings can also contract anthrax when they come in contact with affected animals and it can also spread from one human being to another which makes it even more dangerous, it is a
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