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Maternal & Child Health - Research Paper Example

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Maternal & Child Health

However, both developing and developed countries are not giving enough focus to maternal and child health, which is evident from the fact that the number of mothers and children dying every year because of health problems is growing every year. This paper analyzes the maternal and child health problems in developing and developed countries. Maternal and child health problems in developing countries Pregnancy related health problems can be prevented or managed without recourse to expensive and sophisticated technology. Experience has shown that maternal and neonatal morbidity can be reduced when communities are informed about danger signs and symptoms and good quality health care is accessible with a backup referral system for managing complications at a higher level of the health care system. And yet some 500,000 maternal deaths occur each year, most of them in developing countries (“Chapter 1 Maternal and child health: Introduction,” n.d., p.3) (See Appendix 2 for more details). One of the major reasons for increased maternal deaths in developing countries is lack of education among mothers and pregnant women. It should be noted that literacy percentage among women in developing countries are lesser than that among men. As a result of that, the majority of women do not know how to manage their pregnancy as well as child care. For example, proper food and nutrients are necessary for the mothers not only during their pregnancy period but also after the delivery. This is because of the fact that breast milk is the major food for the infants during early days and only a healthy mother will be able to provide enough breast milk to her infant. At the time of breast feeding, the mother should take enough healthy foods and nutrients so that her health as well as the health of her infant would be protected properly. However, in developing countries, the majority of mothers are not much interested in taking good food after the delivery and thereby generate severe health problems. “Every year, an estimated 358,000 mothers die from pregnancy related causes and 7.6 million children die before their fifth birthday. The vast majority of maternal and child deaths occur in the world's poorest countries” (“Maternal and child health,” 2012). One of the major causes of these deaths is diarrhea. It should be noted that diarrhea as a health problem can be treated or prevented. However, infant mortality rates are growing in poor countries because of lack of healthcare facilities as well as lack of education among mothers. Almost 90% of all deaths among children under five years of age are attributable to just six conditions. These are: acute neonatal conditions, mainly preterm birth, birth asphyxia and infections, which account for 37% of the total; lower respiratory infections, mostly pneumonia (19%); diarrhoea (18%); malaria (8%); measles (4%); and HIV/AIDS (3%). Most of these deaths are avoidable through existing interventions that are simple, affordable and effective (WHO, 2012) Maternal and child health problems in developed countries The cases of developed countries are much better as far as maternal and child health problems are concerned. The gap between developing and developed countri ...Show more

Summary

Maternal and Child Health Maternal and Child Health Child’s health is directly connected with the mother’s health in many ways. It should be noted that the health of the mother during pregnancy can shape the health of the infant. Even after the delivery, mother’s health may play significant roles in contributing to the child’s health as breast milk is the major food for an infant during early days after his birth…
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