However, both developing and developed countries are not giving enough focus to maternal and child health, which is evident from the fact that the number of mothers and children dying every year because of health problems is growing every year. This paper analyzes the maternal and child health problems in developing and developed countries. Maternal and child health problems in developing countries Pregnancy related health problems can be prevented or managed without recourse to expensive and sophisticated technology. Experience has shown that maternal and neonatal morbidity can be reduced when communities are informed about danger signs and symptoms and good quality health care is accessible with a backup referral system for managing complications at a higher level of the health care system. And yet some 500,000 maternal deaths occur each year, most of them in developing countries (“Chapter 1 Maternal and child health: Introduction,” n.d., p.3) (See Appendix 2 for more details). One of the major reasons for increased maternal deaths in developing countries is lack of education among mothers and pregnant women. It should be noted that literacy percentage among women in developing countries are lesser than that among men. As a result of that, the majority of women do not know how to manage their pregnancy as well as child care. For example, proper food and nutrients are necessary for the mothers not only during their pregnancy period but also after the delivery. This is because of the fact that breast milk is the major food for the infants during early days and only a healthy mother will be able to provide enough breast milk to her infant. At the time of breast feeding, the mother should take enough healthy foods and nutrients so that her health as well as the health of her infant would be protected properly. However, in developing countries, the majority of mothers are not much interested in taking good food after the delivery and thereby generate severe health problems. “Every year, an estimated 358,000 mothers die from pregnancy related causes and 7.6 million children die before their fifth birthday. The vast majority of maternal and child deaths occur in the world's poorest countries” (“Maternal and child health,” 2012). One of the major causes of these deaths is diarrhea. It should be noted that diarrhea as a health problem can be treated or prevented. However, infant mortality rates are growing in poor countries because of lack of healthcare facilities as well as lack of education among mothers. Almost 90% of all deaths among children under five years of age are attributable to just six conditions. These are: acute neonatal conditions, mainly preterm birth, birth asphyxia and infections, which account for 37% of the total; lower respiratory infections, mostly pneumonia (19%); diarrhoea (18%); malaria (8%); measles (4%); and HIV/AIDS (3%). Most of these deaths are avoidable through existing interventions that are simple, affordable and effective (WHO, 2012) Maternal and child health problems in developed countries The cases of developed countries are much better as far as maternal and child health problems are concerned. The gap between developing and developed countri
Maternal and Child Health Maternal and Child Health Child’s health is directly connected with the mother’s health in many ways. It should be noted that the health of the mother during pregnancy can shape the health of the infant. Even after the delivery, mother’s health may play significant roles in contributing to the child’s health as breast milk is the major food for an infant during early days after his birth…
The Body Mass Index (BMI) is most widely used measure of obesity (Garde, 2010). According to the World Health Organization (WHO), obesity “is a BMI superior or equal to 30 and morbid obesity is assumed from a BMI of 40 and beyond” (Garde, 2010, p.2). In the USA in the ranking of health indicators that are a matter of deep concern regarding the health of the nation, obesity ranks second after physical activity.
This paper discus the impacts of this epidemic to the women who suffer violence, fetuses and developing children. The paper also describes the duties of a nurse as well as would be nurse towards the domestic violence sufferers in preventing and early intervention of domestic violence.
There are some things which cannot be expressed in words; you need to experience it if you want to cognize it. For example, the feeling of pain, excitement, anger, depression and love are all such states of mind which a person can fathom only when he goes through it.
According to WHO, maternal death refers to the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days after the termination of her pregnancy (Temmerman & Verstraelen, 2004). For a death to be considered maternal, it must have been caused or provoked by the pregnancy or its management notwithstanding the duration and site of the pregnancy.
Some women take alcohol during pregnancy while knowing they are pregnant, but others are not aware especially in the early days of the pregnancy. A fight has been launched educating women not to take alcohol during pregnancy, and, for example, in the United States it is an offence for a pregnant woman to take alcohol.
It was during this period that the government enacted laws disseminating HIV services at the primary health care level, creating ways for greater integration to address women’s health and to reduce maternal mortality. South Africa has shown its efforts in addressing HIV-related goals by implementing comprehensive services for women and children especially with family planning (FP), as well as maternal child health (MCH).
Therefore, as women have continued to delay childbearing, they increase the risk of fetal morbidity and mortality among the age group. Researchers have indicated the mature gravidas are at a high risk of negative birth results, which ranges from low births weight, preterm, small size for gestational age and fetal mortality to stillbirth (Robb, Alder & Prescott, 2005, p.
This paper aims to discuss various effects of domestic violence during pregnancy. Domestic violence is becoming an epidemic in almost every part of the world. This is a public health issue, seriously affecting
Child’s health is directly connected with the mother’s health in many ways. It should be noted that the health of the mother during pregnancy can shape the health of the infant. Even after the delivery, mother’s health may play significant roles in contributing to the child’s health as breast milk is the major food for an infant.