Epidemiology-HIV/AIDS - Research Paper Example

Extract of sample


Epidemiology is a study carried out to know the frequency of occurrence of any disease in different groups of population. Even though there is an improvement in the lines of treatment of AIDS, AIDS pandemic is known to kill 2.1 million people in the year 2007, amongst these 330,000 were children below the age of 15. Reports reveal that around 33.2 million individuals were suffering with this disease in 2007 involving 2.5 million children also, it was calculated approximately that 2.5 million people got the fresh infection, of these 420,000 were children (AIDS epidemic Update). Reports of 2007 state that sub-Saharan Africa is the most affected area, where 68% people living with the disease and 76% deaths are reported due to AIDS, fresh infections encompass 1.7 million cases, making a total of 22.5 million HIV individuals. Estimates reveal that 61% of reported cases were women (AIDS epidemic Update) with prevalence in South Africa followed by Nigeria and India (Mcneil, 2007). Reports also state that life expectancy in the worst affected regions has decreased as in the year 2006 from 65 to 35 in Botswana (Kallings, 2008). The major reason that emerged to be the cause of disease is lack of awareness and lack of health care resources, contributed by the possibility of sexual contacts with at-risk males. Geographical inequality, poor living conditions are also one of the leading causes for the prevalence of the disease. ...
Download paper


Epidemiology aids in evaluating and planning out the approaches to check the disease and describes the integral part of the disease by collecting all the relevant information such as the data collection and its interpretation, various terminologies related with the disease…
Author : jgottlieb
Download 2

Related Essays

Research Paper
He asks Molly, who is his backup, to get back to work as she was engaged in a chat even after lunchtime. Molly resorts to chatting claiming that Dan cannot boss her around. He thinks of reporting this to the floor supervisor, Mr. Davis who at that time was reviewing low performance of his employees and was thinking how to get the employees to become efficient. Evaluation of the Scenario Promoting Cultural Diversity  In the given case, Karishima has a different cultural background and is having problem in adjusting. Similarly all the other employees are having a problem in adjusting with her...
8 pages (2008 words) Research Paper
Quantitative Critique Nursing Research Paper
Jemmott is with the school of nursing in the University of Pennsylvania and was the lead author in overall aspects of the study including the intervention procedures and training of facilitators. John B. Jemmott III is with the University of Pennsylvania as well but under Annenberg School for Communication. J. B. Jemmott III assisted in aspects of the study concerning design, measures, and data analysis. Meanwhile, Ann O’Leary is with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta Georgia and also assisted in the development of intervention procedures and measures and the...
4 pages (1004 words) Research Paper
Epidemiology of Childhood Obesity
In epidemiology, there are certain steps done systematically to successfully cure diseases (Page, Cole & Timmreck, 1995). The first step is to identify the problem, or the disease, then make a community or a population assessment by determining whether there are actual or potential health problems present. In this step, questions such as which among the population is the least or the most susceptible is determined. By performing demographic profiling, it can determine the percentage of individuals affected, and can be a reliable indicator of the overall health of the population (Yarnell,...
6 pages (1506 words) Research Paper
Research Paper
Even with the government allocating relatively low funding to the national health care as part of measures to cut costs, Israel still managed to build a quality health care system ranked among the best in the world. Among the different medical areas, the country has performed exceptionally well in the diagnosis of chronic diseases thus preventing frequent hospitalizations unnecessarily. Such include cases like diabetes, which usually receive appropriate attention and early diagnosis significantly reducing the rate of complications as well as chances of hospitalization (Brinkley, 2007, p. 27)....
4 pages (1004 words) Research Paper
Epidemiology Case Study Paper
College of Nursing, 2012, sl.10). The epidemiologic triangle model is comprised of the agent, host, and environment in relation to health and disease. Moreover, “[a]ccording to this model, the agent, host, and environment can coexist” (Anderson & Mcfarlane, 2011, p. 44). It is when there is no balance among them that disease can take place. The following are the agent and hosts. The infectious agent in case of swine flu is virus H1N1, which is a subtype of influenza A virus, the latter being a common and much less harmful cause of flu among humans. Hosts are individuals that have contact...
3 pages (753 words) Research Paper
Democratization of health care in Mexico
Democratization of health care in Mexico
7 pages (1757 words) Essay
It is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and significantly increases the risk of morbidity and mortality. The last two decades have witnessed an increase in health care costs due to obesity and related issues among children and adolescents. Childhood obesity is a global phenomenon affecting all socio-economic groups, irrespective of age, sex or ethnicity. Aetiopathogenesis of childhood obesity is multi-factorial and includes genetic, neuroendocrine, metabolic, psychological, environmental and socio-cultural factors. Many co-morbid conditions like metabolic, cardiovascular,...
5 pages (1255 words) Research Paper
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!