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Name: Title: Course: Tutor: Date: Question 1 Nature of Mycobacterium tuberculosis There are many micro organisms which live in and out of human bodies. Whereas there would be those that are essential to health, there are some that cause diseases. Micro organisms refer to microscopic living things found in air, soil, water, rocks, plants and animals among many other places (Medzhitov 2007, p.2).
This discovery was made by Robert Koch, a renowned German scientist and physician in 1882 (Nobel Price 2012). It was referred to as white and consumption plague then because out of seven human beings dying, one had TB. More so, it carried away more than a third of the middle age group working force. The bacterium affects body organs such as kidneys, bones, brain and most commonly, the lungs resulting to pulmonary tuberculosis. Today, the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, IUATLD (2010) documents TB as a great problem, particularly in low income countries. It has been cited as the number one killer for people between the ages of 15 and 49 with Sridharan citing it as “the single leading cause of human mortality by an infectious disease claiming 3 million lives annually with an estimated 8 million cases arising every year” (2006, p.1). Tuberculosis would be caused when an individual inhales Mycobacterium tuberculosis which enters through the lungs, spreading to other body parts through the lymphatic system, airways, blood stream or through direct extension. IUATLD (2010, p.5) observed that 80% of tuberculosis forms would be the contagious pulmonary tuberculosis. ...
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