Patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) exhibit several signs and symptoms that are as a result of the direct pathophysiology processes that are taking place in their body. Specifically, American Diabetes Association (2007) noted that there are several pathophysiology…
at take place in the body of patients over time is very important in giving very accurate symptomatic diagnosis that is focused on the giving very specific and efficient management and treatment plans. This paper is dedicated to outlining some of the major forms of pathophysiology changes that take place in the blood vessels of patients over time. This shall be done with specific emphasis on all known aspects of the pathophysiology of Type 2 DM. The rationale behind this approach is that different aspects of the pathophysiology of Type 2 DM come about as a result of changing pathological and physical processes that are take place in the blood vessels of patients over time. Once the right form of management model is given, it is possible to suppress some aspects of the pathophysiology from taking place.
In the current case, the 45 year old patient who has been recently diagnosed with Type 2 DM has been noted to have a history of metabolic syndrome. Despite the fact that Type 2 DM is naturally associated with high blood sugar level, the patient is actually suspicion of the fact that his situation with high blood sugar level could be something that was there as a result of the metabolic syndrome. This makes it important to find the relationship between metabolic syndrome and diabetes and find a link between their pathophysiology. Beckman, Creager and Libby (2009) indicated that metabolic syndrome and diabetes indeed have very close relation in terms of both physical and pathological conditions that makes it important to put patients with metabolic syndrome on the lookout for diabetes. This is because patients with metabolic syndrome exhibit a disorder in their energy utilization and storage, which comes about as a result of a number of medical conditions. But because the conversion and usage of the energy within the body could trigger a saturated concentration of blood sugar, the chance of developing Type 2 DM has been pegged at four times higher for patients with ...
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Genetic inheritance is found to be associated with Metabolic Syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is associated with the oxidative stress and thus antioxidants are found to play an important role in Metabolic Syndrome. There are four important antioxidant enzymes responsible for the maintenance of the reactive oxygen species.
But these metabolic disorders were not related to the abnormalities of the cardiovascular system at that time. Gerald Phillips later on found out that the aspects of ageing, obesity, and diabetes were directly related to heart diseases. It was then in 1988 that Reaven found out a connection between hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and the cardiovascular diseases.
Discuss referral options. The subject under discussion for differential diagnosis is a 60 year old male who is complaining of weight loss, shortness of breath and a persistent cough with traces of blood in his sputum or haemoptysis. Cough, shortness of breath and sputum production is mainly the symptom of the respiratory system.
The pathophysiology of the disease is largely credited to insulin opposition with extreme instability of fatty acids incriminated. This assemblage of metabolic uproars and risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease were identified in 1920’s. In the past two decades, there has been an increase in cases of metabolic syndrome due to rising cases of obesity and diabetes (Codario, 2011).
Metabolic syndrome is increasing in first and third world nations, in both male and female and in adults and children. The prevalence of MetS depends on the measures applied to establish inclusion and the composition of the targeted population (ethnicity, age, race, sex).
As a rule, speaking about schizophrenia, the researchers focus upon the clinical aspect of the illness and social adaptation of people suffering from it. However, one more important aspect of studying schizophrenia is the influence it produces upon health and lifespan.
core symptoms of Syndrome X focus on limiting the adverse outcomes whereas the dietary and the nutraceutical approaches follow a holistic path and address both the dietary habits and the life styles of the patients in tandem . Diets and Nutraceutical supplements are