Health Promotion Plan Population and Problem The target population for the health promotion plan are African Americans aged 55 years and above who live in Dallas County, Texas. The major health concerns for this group are reflected on the mortality data from the Healthy People 2020 statistics…
Compared to the mortality rates from all races, deaths from malignant neoplasms are higher among African Americans as the mortality rate of malignant neoplasms from all races is only 321.2; meanwhile, hypertension is cited as the 10th most common cause of death among African Americans and the ever-present predisposing factor for diseases of the heart, cerebrovascular diseases, diabetes, and kidney diseases (HealthyPeople.gov, 2012, n.p.). With the identification of hypertension as the problem of the population or the underlying determinants of certain chronic diseases, health promotion will be geared towards addressing hypertension among African Americans aged 55 years and older, promoting multi-sectoral policies and programs to improve health and reduce health disparities, and educating the public about evidence-based interventions to prevent, treat and control hypertension. In addition, it is easy address hypertension than malignant neoplasms among African Americans as hypertension is a modifiable, controllable risk factor. Objective In the Healthy People 2020 Objectives for heart disease and stroke, a 10-percent improvement from baseline is set to determine efficacy of health promotion, intervention, or treatment. The proportion of adult African Americans who died from hypertension is 23.4; thus, the main objective of this paper is to reduce the proportion of adults (aged 55 years and older) who died from hypertension from 23.4 to 21.1 (HDS-5.1). Aspects of Collaboration To prevent hypertension and promote health, collaboration from government, local community, clinicians, other health care professionals, nurse-managed hypertension facilities, public health workers and community outreach workers, and patients is a must. Each of the following care professionals has their own aspects of collaboration of how to promote health and prevent hypertension. Government agencies are responsible for implementing policies and programs to address hypertension and in funding for the general health of the population. Community aspects of collaboration include civic, philanthropic, religious, and senior organizations that could provide locally focused orientation to the health needs of the diverse target population. Clinicians and other health care professionals influence or reinforce instructions to improve patient lifestyles and blood pressure control. Nurse-managed hypertension facilities also contribute to better hypertension control. Public health nurses and community outreach workers screen, identify cases, refer and track follow-up appointments, and educate patients. Meanwhile, patient is at the central core of collaboration as their motivation and compliance to treatment facilitate better blood pressure control and reduction of incidence of hypertension. Therefore, collaborative groups’ shared roles in preventing hypertension and promotion of health include reinforcing awareness of hypertension risks, conveying the importance of blood pressure management, and educating effective lifestyle interventions, pharmacologic therapies, and treatment adherence (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2004, 62). . Organizational/Policy Changes The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion stated that health promotion action means building healthy public policy which puts health on the agenda of policy makers in all sectors and at all ...
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The first comprehensive definition for health was given by WHO in its Constitution in 1948 where in it stated that health is “A state of complete physical, social and mental well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”. Later in the Ottawa Charter (1986), it further expanded the scope of the term health, and added that, “Health is a resource for everyday life, not the object of living.
The main factors that have contributed for rise of mental illness especially in Australia are greater disability, dependence and gender differences that ultimately led towards causing mental illness rather than any other health problems. It has been viewed that the most general mental illnesses which are experienced especially by the women belonging to Australia are anxiety, bipolar disorder as well as depression.
The country, at the moment, has a well established programme of events in a wide variety of sectors across the nation. There are numerous factors, which persuade the act of ending the life of one’s self, and; therefore, it needs an all-inclusive action, from endorsing resiliency to support and crisis management (Anderton, 2006).
According to Roper, Logan, and Tierney model, nursing is a biopsychosocial way where in practice, the nurses are supposed to take measures that help patients to find their own way of adapting to the necessary changes. If existing health behaviour is deviation from normal, this adaptation will need change of behaviour.
These developing healthy minds are the future of the nation as they are going to become the healthy adult citizens making active communities (Barnes and Row, 2008).
The emphasis is laid down to promote health is based on the research and everyday practice to explore those areas of health practice that have not traditionally emerged out in health promotion text (Moodie and Hulme, 2004).
ogram (2009) holds a similar as it states that “Health Promotion initiatives comes in many different forms, but the main purpose of health promotion is to encourage individuals to take preventive measures to avert the onset or worsening of an illness or disease and to adopt
Health defines to the universal condition of the body and the mind. The health promotion designed in the paper addresses the health condition of Edna, a 74-year-old woman who suffers from type 2 diabetes, asthma and short-term memory loss. Edna’s problem can
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