Discussion NCT (2008) states that, “In the 1950’s the majority of pregnant women in United Kingdom delivered their babies at home” (p.2). The ratio of midwives and women who were knowledgeable in midwifery to the general population was higher compared to the past decade. Most middle aged women had experience in midwifery having assisted in child delivery of a family member of a friend. At the time, home birth was considered reasonably safe and without concerns of overcrowding and fatigue. NCT (2008) continues to state that, “Trends gradually changed in the 1970’s towards the 80’s as hospital births increased in frequency and numbers. By the 1990’s home births had reduced significantly to about 1% (p.2).” In recent times this percentage has increased to 2.68% as popularity and campaigns for home births have increased. ACOG (2011) notes that “Most governments require that recommendations be made to pregnant women to have a choice of their desired place of birthing.” A medical professional can evaluate and examine a pregnant woman and suggest a place of birth for the woman explaining his or her recommendation based on medical grounds to her. The key factors to be considered when choosing between home birth and hospital birth are the safety of the procedure, the sense of security of the mother and the level or sense of control. According to ACOG (2011), “Women who inquire on planned home births at medical facilities should be adequately informed of its benefits and possible risks.” This information should be based on current and documented evidence. The advising party should clearly note to the mother that although the possible risks associated with home birth may be minimal, home birth is closely associated with increased risk of neo natal death. The risk of neo natal death is two to three fold that of hospital birth. To achieve a successful and reduced-risk planned home birth, the woman requires selecting suitable candidates for the home birth. “A nurse certified in midwifery, physician or midwife who is qualified and aptly practices within regulations set by the local medical body should be available” (ACOG, 2011). The intended candidate should also be available for consultations. Safe, easy and timely access to a hospital or medical facility should be possible at the slightest chance of complications occurring. An easy access to hospital should provide contingency in case complications develops and the mother and or infant require emergency medical attention. ACOG (2011) states, “At present, the United States records an approximate figure of 25,000 home births annually.” From this figure, a quarter of the births is not attended to and is unplanned due to the spontaneity or unexpected labor. On average, the fraction of women who initially plan and intend to deliver at a hospital, those women who fail to make provisions for the attendance of a certified medical professional in midwifery, and unplanned homebirths record high rates and instances of neo natal and pre natal deaths. Women should plan for any eventuality and sudden changes in original or intended plans. The lack of transport to the designated/ planned hospital may warrant a home birth. In case no provisions were made to equip the home or vicinity/ surrounding with equipment and tools of delivery, the woman runs the risk of infection to
Running Head: HOSPITAL BIRTH VS. HOME BIRTH Hospital Birth vs. Home Birth Instructor Date Introduction Pregnant women may prefer different settings for delivery depending on which they are most comfortable with and which provides minimum risk to them and the unborn children…
Water births have become increasingly common in recent years and have been shown to reduce several complications of childbirth, promote a midwife-like model of care, and to increase the relaxation of the birthing mother (Burns et al, 2012). It is these positive aspects of water births and some of the more interesting complications of this type of birth which have prompted me to become interested in this style of neonatal care and use it as the focus of this project, which will be formed of four main sections.
Birth Defects Formation of a baby after conception is the most amazing act of nature. Advances in medical sciences in last hundred years or so have unfolded the intricacies of human birth to a great extent; however, one cannot ignore the fact that one in every 80 babies is born with some kind of a birth defect.
First, is the case of the centrally planned state China to illustrate how birth control is deliberately used as a policy for national economic development, under the pain of penalty, that the population should be limited to available production of material means as demanded by a socialist state.
Advocates of birth control address problems of social stability, war, poverty, and economic development in the United States and the developing nations through family planning programs, including birth control and sterilization. Among the advocates of birth control, opinion divides over the urgency of the population problem.
The growth of fetus and the labor process is a complicated process and can be attended by professionals if complication arises. A low risk women can plan a home birth supported with all the medical care, can be transferred to hospital if needed rather, than planning hospital birth initially.
Al., 2006; Kiss, H. et. Al., 2004; Blondel and Marshal, 1998 ). This means that any of these factors can disrupt the natural process of child's development in the womb, which will be described later on, and in effect, cause serious future complications if not managed properly.
??.Child birth is an emotional process and there are several reasons, mostly biological that suggests that the process can be improved if the mother is in silent, secure and recognized atmosphere. The growth of fetus and the labor process is a complicated process and can be
as witnessed increasing number of cesarean births as more mothers with the cooperation of their doctors are opting for a C-section than the normal vaginal delivery. This continuing rise of maternal request has paved the way for serious debate on the harm that such procedures
eelings of readiness to motherhood rather than the dreadful scenes of a clinical technology, which in effect can complicate a woman’s natural body functions during labor and/or the arrival of the new born. With natural, beautiful thoughts and positive emotions occurring right
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