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Lesson Plan for Pain Management
Pages 8 (2008 words)
Lesson plan: PAIN MANAGEMENT Introduction: According to Marcia L. Meldrum (2003), “pain is the oldest medical problem and the universal affliction of mankind” (pp. 2470-2475). It is both a curse and a gift, since it also serves to alert us to changes in, or damages to, our body.
The American Pain Society labeled it as the “5th Vital Sign” (Campbell, 1995, as cited in Smeltzer & Bare, 2003, p. 217). As with all vital signs, doctors and allied health personnel continuously strive to keep it within acceptable parameters to maintain homeostasis. Pain management “encompasses all interventions used to understand and ease pain, and, if possible, to alleviate the cause of pain” (Krapp, 2002, p. 1804). It means that pain management is not just the intervention but also the assessment, evaluation, and continuous monitoring of pain. To better understand and treat pain, it is important to know how it is produced and transmitted to the brain. Elaine Marieb and Katja Hoehn (2006) talk about “noxious stimuli – a term for anything that damages the body” (A closer look section, "Pain: Sound the Alarm, But Pain Me Not!", Pain reception, para. 1), and how it can start a whole avalanche of chemical and neurological reactions which, reaching the brain, translate into pain. Different pain management techniques affect various body parts which may be involved in that reaction. Understanding specifically how an intervention works on pain is a key to choosing the best intervention for all kinds of pain. ...
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