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Pressure Ulcers - Research Paper Example

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Pressure ulcers are damages to the skin and underlying tissue due to pressure, friction, shear or a combination of these factors. Support surfaces such as mattress overlays, replacement mattresses, pressure relieving beds, cushions, or repositioning patients manually are methods used to relieve pressure…

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Pressure Ulcers

Pressure ulcers are damages to the skin and underlying tissue due to pressure, friction, shear or a combination of these factors. Support surfaces such as mattress overlays, replacement mattresses, pressure relieving beds, cushions, or repositioning patients manually are methods used to relieve pressure. Patients with limited mobility are provided with mattress overlays and replacement mattresses to reduce the chance of developing pressure ulcers. A study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of replacement mattresses and mattress overlay in preventing ulcers, affecting the healing process, and patient acceptability. The study was carried out in eleven hospitals, and target participants were aged at least 55 years. They were admitted to vascular, medical, orthopedic, or elderly people wards. Participants had been admitted within the previous 24 hours, and had to stay for at least seven days with limited mobility. Patients with grade 1 or 2 pressure ulcers were also eligible for the study. Patients were selected randomly, and the selection was minimized to centers, specialty, and type of admission. Alternating pressure overlays or alternating pressure mattresses were allocated to participants. The endpoint was the development of grade 2 or higher grade ulcers. 6155 patients were assessed for eligibility and 1971 patients were randomized for the study. 207 (10.5%) patients developed 305 new ulcers, mostly grade 2, and eight patients developed grade 3 ulcers. ...
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