WHO (2000) estimates that about one million people die annually in the world from malaria. Moreover, it is among the leading causes of illness in the globe, especially in tropical regions (WHO 2009). Although malaria infection is one of the leading causes of death in the world, it is treatable and manageable condition…
Eradicating malaria in the world is one of the top priorities of global health organisations and is a key objective of attaining universal health related targets stipulated in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) (United Nations 2010). Consequently, both developed and developing countries have reinvigorated efforts to combat the disease that has remained a serious threat to health and wellbeing of people across the world for a long period. Currently, policies to control and prevent malaria infections form an important component of public health systems and primary care services play a pivotal role in their implementation. Some of malaria control and preventive measures include application of insecticide treated bed nets to prevent human contact with mosquitoes, indoor residual spraying with efficient insecticide and eradicating mosquito breeding habitats (Mathews 2011). Other measures include use of anti malarial drugs to treat the infection in all segments of affected population, including pregnant women and HIV/AIDS patients in addition to maintaining sustained malarial surveillance across the world (Mathews 2011). These policies have enhanced management and treatment of malaria in primary care service. However, before investigating impacts of government policies in management and treatment of the condition in primary care, it is important to explore the symptoms and causes of malaria and how they inform nursing practice. Causes and symptoms of malaria Malaria is a vector borne disease transmitted by female anopheles mosquito. The causative malarial parasite is a protozoan of genus plasmodium (MacDonald 1997). There are five major species of malarial parasites responsible for transmission of malaria. They include Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium knowlesi. However, plasmodium vivax and plasmodium falciparum are the most important causes of malaria infection in the world (MacDonald 1997). The initial symptoms of malaria infection are not specific and demonstrate remarkable resemblance to signs of a minor systemic viral disease (WHO 2009). The symptoms include fatigue, headache, fatigue and lassitude, normally followed by abdominal, muscle and joint pains. These symptoms are accompanied by fever, anorexia, chills, profuse sweating and vomiting. These signs are the major defining characteristics of malaria infection at the early stage (WHO 2009). People in regions where malaria is endemic are usually knowledgeable about these symptoms and consequently, incidences of self diagnosis are prevalent. Achan et al (2011) noted high incidents of malarial over diagnosis in primary care services especially in malaria endemic regions based on the demonstrated symptoms. According to Brieger (2009), the severity of malarial symptoms varies depending on the type of parasite involved. Infection by plasmodium vivax and plasmodium ovale demonstrates more pronounced symptoms of fever and chills than other malarial species. However, fatality rate at early malaria infection is rare but it increases when treatment is delayed and on prescription of ineffective drugs (Brieger 2009; WHO 2009). Delaying treatment of ...
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“Malaria Case Management Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/69774-malaria-case-management.
Malaria is a tropical disease which is caused by Anopheles mosquito bite carrying Plasmodium parasite. Most effective measure to control the spread of Malaria is to destroy mosquitoes breeding sites by insecticidal sprays and the use of bed nets. DDT AND MALARIA ELIMINATION IN NIGERIA In this modern era, where Malaria and Poliomyelitis pose no major health concerns in any developed or developing country, Nigeria is still fighting the calamity.
The paper focuses on the value of reflection in knowing and the fulfillment realized by the patients after treatment through the new researched medicine. Furthermore it will analyze how the empirical, ethical, personal, and aesthetic understanding of nursing has been used in trying to examine how research findings can be integrated into current evidence based practice.
The parasite usually multiplies in the liver of the human body and then infects the red blood cells. After the infected mosquito bites, the symptoms of malaria usually appear between ten to fifteen days. Malaria’s signs and symptoms include headache, fever, and vomiting.
A macro-economic analysis of malaria’s burden in South Africa shows that it claims approximately two percent of the country’s GDP. The burden exceeded $100 million in South Africa, which contrasts with America that now uses the same amount to counter malaria in developing countries in the developing nations, including South America.
Most of these symptoms normally occur after 10 to 15 days after being bitten. Malaria is a life threatening disease because mostly it causes blockage of blood flow to vital organs in the body. According to (WHO, 2013b), about half of the world’s population is at risk of contracting malaria, while in 2010 about 219 million cases of the disease were reported and an estimated 660,000 deaths was also recorded.
Using the statistics thye report describes this problem. To openn the whole picture it comes back to the history. The existence of the disease can be traced back to the Roman times. The name malaria comes from the “mal”aria which means bad air in medieval Italy. When the term was coined it was believed that malaria was caused by breathing in bad air.
Moreover, it is among the leading causes of illness in the globe, especially in tropical regions (WHO 2009). Although malaria infection is one of the leading causes of death in the world, it is treatable and manageable condition. In
Most of the research regarding this parasite has been stated unclear. According to the investigators the variant of Plasmodium is found in chickens. It has also been argued that the malaria found in both
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