Approcah to Care - Breast Cancer

Approcah to Care - Breast Cancer Research Paper example
Undergraduate
Research Paper
Nursing
Pages 5 (1255 words)
Download 0
Approach to Care – Breast Cancer Breast Cancer Abnormal cells growth in any part of the body such as breast, colon, prostate, lungs is known as cancer. Our body is made up of billions and trillions of cells and they continue to grow, divide and die in an orderly manner; however, cancerous cell growth is abnormal and without any decay…

Introduction

Etiology of Breast Cancer Breast cancer is the most common kind of cancer that is prevalent among women in U.S. It is estimated that about 192,000 new cases of breast cancer are found in U.S. alone each year. Substantial clinical evidence suggests that hormones play a critical role in the etiology of various cancers and breast cancer is one of them. Estrogen is the chief stimulant in proliferation of breast cells. The presence of progesterone accelerates proliferation rate further. This is evident from the fact that during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, the breast mitotic activity is noticed at its peak (Henderson et al 2002). Clinical Manifestation of Breast Cancer They can be described as per the following. 1. Lump formation or thickening on breasts 2. Peeling, flaking or scaling of the breast skin or nipple 3. Bloody discharge from the nipple 4. Redness of the skin over breast 5. Change in shape and size of a breast (Mayo Clinic 2012). Diagnosis and Staging When cancer is detected in the breast, a doctor proceeds to find the stage of the disease. It usually starts with a physical examination by a nurse or doctor. Ultrasound and mammography are crucial in diagnosis of breast cancer. The findings of these tests are further confirmed through a tissue biopsy. Mammography is done by taking X-ray of the breast. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Breast Cancer.
There are many studies and intensive research is underway in order to identify the most important factors that are the reason for the constant increase of the incidence of breast cancer in the last several decades. The results and information’s from this research should help us reduce the morbidity and mortality from breast cancer and increase the self-awareness of the general population about…
Breast Cancer.
According to Weaver (2007), there are two types of breast cancers. One is the ductal breast cancer that takes place in ducts connecting the lobes and the nipple. Weaver (2007) said that this is about 80% of the breast cancers. In contrast, lobular breast cancer that takes place in the lobes where milk production occurs accounts from 10 to 15% of cancer patients (Weaver, 2007). …
Psychological Assessment of Breast Cancer Patient
This paper carries out a psychosocial assessment of Irene’s case, a 51-year old female who is diagnosed with breast cancer. After identifying major psychosocial issues using Spade’s framework a treatment plan is formulated and discussed. Psychosocial Vital Signs Perception: Due to her age Irene may overestimate her current illness. According to the profile, she is already experiencing some…
Breast Cancer Treatments Lumpectomy vs. Mastectomy
Consequently, both are the main choices of patients and physicians in treating the disease. Both procedures are also found to have equal survival rates. However, with the increasing awareness of women afflicted with breast cancer on the impact of surgery on their psychological state related to loss of their breast, more and more women are resorting to a less invasive treatment which is lumpectomy…
Breast Feeding and Prevention of Breast Cancer
However, it is still unclear whether it provides complete protection, since many studies have had different variables including age, smoking, medication and family history as possible risk factors. Mid-wives and nurses have professional mandate to give information to mothers and pregnant women regarding their breast feeding choice? This information will also include how their respective choices…
Cancer care
There are various causes of cancers, which include radiation, environmental toxins such as aflatoxins, viruses, excessive alcohol consumption, chemicals such as benzene, excessive exposure to sunlight and genetic abnormalities (Wen, Schiff, & Quant, 2012). Cancers can develop on different organs or tissues. The commonest types of cancers include lung cancer, breast cancer, cancer of the colon,…
Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is an ever-increasing deadly healthcare concern amid human beings along with other mammals. The women are determined to be the prime victims of this disease, though male can also suffer from this medical condition. In the United States, breast cancer is found to be the second most important reason behind cancer related death amid women. According to American Cancer Society (2012), in…