The Nurse' Responsability in the Prevention of Medical Errors

The Nurse
Undergraduate
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Nursing
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The Nurse' Responsibility in the Prevention of Medical Errors Author Institution The Nurse’s Responsibility in Prevention of Medical Errors Introduction The admonitions “First, do no harm,” paraphrased from the Hippocratic Oath, has since memorial been the steering principle for medicine and the delivery of healthcare around the world…

Introduction

In its report titled To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System (2000), the Institute of Medicine (IOM) noted that between 44,000 and 98,000 Americans die annually in U.S. hospitals owing to preventable medical errors. A medical error infers an adverse event that can be avoided given the current state of medical knowledge. IOM working definition of medical error details the failure of a planned action to be concluded as proposed or the application of a wrong plan to attain the aim. Errors in this sense incorporate problems in practice, products, procedures, and systems. There is no single unanimously acknowledged method of classifying medical errors. However, there are five distinct categorizations of medical errors. These include forms of healthcare given such as medication, surgery, and diagnostic imaging; severity of the injury encompassing minor discomfort, death, and serious injury. Other categorizations include legal definitions of issues such as negligence and malpractice; the setting encompassing hospital, emergency room, nursing home, and intensive care unit, and persons involved such as a physician, nurse, pharmacist, and patient. Medical errors impede therapeutic outcomes and can cause severe illness or death. ...
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