Hospital acquired infections are illnesses or diseases that are acquired or developed within the hospital environment or other healthcare settings due to microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. The most common health care acquired infections currently…
Other recent estimates indicate that the average annual costs related to hospital acquired infections currently range from$4.5 billion to $11 billion.
The substantial patient morbidity of the healthcare associated inflections is particularly attributed to a number of risk factors that significantly increases the susceptibility of hospitalized patients to infections by viruses, bacteria, fungi or parasites. Compared to others, patients hospitalized or under intensive care units often have a significantly higher risk of developing infections. Generally, some of the major risks include poor or compromised immune systems of hospitalized patients due to illnesses, overcrowding, invasive medical procedures that are often carried out in patients in acute healthcare centers and most importantly, poor infection control practices among nurses and other medical staff in many acute healthcare centers.
Although hospital-based infection control measures and policies have been in place since the 1950s, the risk of health care acquired infections continues to be higher due to the lack of proper application, malpractices and implementation of these policies. For example, in most cases, the absence of effective infection practices such as failures to follow proper procedures or conform with the infection control guidelines often result in poor conditions thereby causing hospitalized patients to develop infections. Some of the likely reasons for the non compliance with hospital acquired infection control policies among nurses and other medical staff in acute healthcare centers often include work overload, lack of motivation, time, education, patient turnover, staff attitude and state barriers. However, substantial empirical evidence suggests that many hospital acquired infections can effectively be prevented or reduced through a number of strategies of improving infection control ...
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While some of these inhabit hot temperature places, others would only survive in ice cold conditions; while others survive with oxygen, others do not need oxygen for survival. According to McKinley Health Centre (2008), the micro organism that causes tuberculosis is referred to as Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
These infections cause discomfort to the patient and hinder the recovery process and in severe cases may even cause death.As the cost of treatment also increases,the hospital acquired infections are actually a burden on the government as well.The extended stay of the patient results in the loss of work thereby depleting his/her financial resources.
The infection control strategies in the country seek to prevent conditions such as meningitis, respiratory tract infections, bloodbone diseases and the zoonotic ailments. To increase the prevention levels and to promote the need for a nationwide strategy, the ministry of health has adopted the western models which seek not only to address particular health concerns, but suggests proactive measures that can be adopted throughout the country.
The effects of infection on various parts of our human physique vary depending upon the microorganisms that attack and the state of resistivity of the immune system.According to Hans C J Gram, a Danish bacteriologist in 1800’s many bacterial infections are grouped either as G+ or G - depending on the type of bacteria that caused them.
As such, the diversity of these needs may mean that the National Health System (NHS) alone cannot meet them. It is clear that efficient discharge from hospital requires there be a working network between the NHS, local authorities, housing organisations, and other primary care and voluntary or independent organisations to delivery service needs to the community.
In this context, the control over the hygiene measures applied by hospitals has become a severe problem for the authorized governmental bodies. The reason is that in many cases, the spread of an infection has not been
MRSA (HA-MRSA) is an infection that occurs settings like dialysis centers and nursing homes. HA-MRSA infections are commonly linked to invasive devices or procedures, such as surgeries, artificial joints or intravenous
The author states that in the United Kingdom, sexually transmitted infections are a public health concern especially among young sexually active persons particularly those aged between 15 and 25 years. According to Public Health England (2015), there were 440,000 diagnoses of sexually transmitted infections in England.
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