The essay "Nurses are Knowledge Workers" discusses the fact that nurses are knowledge workers. In order to provide quality service clinical nurses must focus on outcomes of their patients’ care instead of task completion. Nurses must, therefore, master their practice, actions and procedures to ensure that they offer the best services to their clients. Like other professions, nurses also gain experience through practice. Nursing experience leads to nursing knowledge and wisdom in judgment of the daily nursing practice. As clinical nurses apply more theoretical practice and stay longer in the field, they tend to develop more experience that come with knowledge and wisdom in judgment. The changing technology and practice in nursing also ensures that nurses must keep up-to-date with the current practice trends. McGonigle & Mastrian identifies five possible clinical nursing expertise levels these include novice nurses, advanced nursing beginner, competent nurses, proficient, and expert nurses. These levels ensure that nurses develop from task completion focus to outcome achievement focus. Novice nurses are those still in nursing school. Advanced beginners use learned rules and procedures to guide their daily practice actions as required for every immediate care situation. They are completion focused. Competent nurses are outcome and task-oriented. They deliberately arrange their work in structures that ensure goal or outcome achievement. They can respond to several clinical situations.