Infection control and prevention

Infection control and prevention Essay example
Masters
Essay
Nursing
Pages 10 (2510 words)
Download 0
Insertion of central venous catheters has become commonplace in the peri-operative and intensive care setting.Over the years,they have played a reliable role in patient care for haemodynamic management,patent intravenous access in patients suffering from chronic illnesses and administration of parenteral nutrition…

Introduction

Insertion of central venous catheters (CVCs) has become commonplace in the peri-operative and intensive care setting. Over the years, they have played a reliable role in patient care for haemodynamic management, patent intravenous access in patients suffering from chronic illnesses and administration of parenteral nutrition and other chemotherapeutic agents. The three sites that are utilized for central venous catheter insertion are internal jugular, subclavian and femoral. Although, like any other medical intervention, these catheters have their own share of complications, it is the risk of infection, which has the most serious clinical and economic repercussions for the patient, physician and health care facility with high morbidity and mortality.One survey determined that central lines are associated with more than 40% of blood stream infections in England. Thus, it is imperative that strict infection control measures are enforced during the care of CVCs. Risk of infection in peri-operative setting would depend upon whether the CVC is kept in situ for a long time or it is removed post surgery. Otherwise, rest of the discussion about CRBSI is applicable to ICU as well as peri-operative setting. Definition and diagnosis of CRBSI Catheter related blood stream infection (CRBSI) is a type of hospital acquired infection which is clinically defined as fungemia or bacteremia in a patient with CVC in situ, as shown by positive blood culture from a peripheral vein, along with clinical signs of infection, but no other apparent source for positive blood culture. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

The Usage of Alcohol Rub in the Infection Prevention Control
Once the nurse makes the decision, which is backed by the research, then the whole process of choosing the type of care that needs to be provided to the patient becomes easy. As an adult student nurse, I believe that evidence based practice is very essential for us. As we are responsible for the patients’ care, therefore, at times we have to take certain crucial decisions related to the health…
Infection control
The essay will explore some of the infections, their related causes and how as a medical facility can arrive at prevention of the infection. Infection control has been a topic in discussion for many years. It has been identified that infants and patients under surgical procedures suffers the highest risk of infection hence making surgical wound infection the second largest category of…
Infection control
Healthcare is provided to patients in different settings throughout the world. Whether the patients receive medical attention in makeshift clinics or in technologically advanced hospitals, there are chances that they may get infected by disease spreading micro organisms.These infections cause discomfort to the patient and hinder the recovery process and in severe cases may even cause death.As the…
Infection control
Firstly the nursing staff should be aware of the proper procedure and principles of hand hygiene. They should know the correct technique to follow it. Secondly they should have the will to follow it. They should feel morally responsible for the patients and value their life. Lastly a great deal of effort has to come from the hospital to educate the staff and supply them with proper supplies…
Infection Prevention and Control in Defence Healthcare
Present and important theories on infection control and prevention will be discussed, as well as the best practices in vogue today. II. What Is an Infection? An infection in medical terms may be defined as the susceptibility of the human body or an area of the human body to be vulnerable to germs (www.cqc.org.uk). These germs enter the body and multiply, causing disease and subsequent discomfort.…
Infection control policy
The World Health Organization (2003, p.9) highlights that there have been emergencies of dangerous respiratory and other infectious diseases like tuberculosis over the years. Therefore, there is a need to introduce policies for healthcare facilities for the aged to control such infections and their spread. Infection control policy has been defined as the programs and procedures meant to monitor…
Prevention and control of clostridium difficile infection
Droplet transmission 8 III). Air born transmission 9 b). Scope of transmission 9 c).The risk management basics 10 I). Hand hygiene 11 II). Personal protective equipment 12 III). Handling and disposing of sharps 12 IV). Safe handling and disposal of chemical wastes 13 V). Routine management of the physical environment 13 VI). Reprocessing of reusable instruments and equipment 14 6. Treatment for C.…